Through the Human Sciences shared knowledge can be defined as knowledge that is based on cultural norms. Personal knowledge is defined as knowledge that is obtained by experience and perspective such as memories and emotions, personal knowledge can be something that an individual knows that others also know, therefore it is personal and shared, however, knowledge can also be just personal for example the knowledge of a human scientist is purely personal knowledge in the time before it is shared with others.
Human sciences is an area of knowledge that shows that shared knowledge can shape personal knowledge through the study of conformity. Conformity is the most common form of social influence where one matches their attitudes, beliefs and behaviours to group norms. This tendency can be in response to group pressure, which may take different forms such as peer pressure, bullying etc. Solomon Asch (1951) carried out an experiment that investigated the extent to which group pressure affected a person to conform to a ‘vision test’. He used a lab experiment using students from a college in the USA. Asch put a naïve participant in a room with seven confederates who were instructed to answer incorrectly to the test. The results showed that 75% of participants conformed, giving the incorrect answer at least once. He used a control group to validate these results and found that less than 1% of partici...
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..., which demonstrates that personal knowledge is a source of gaining shared knowledge in the Natural Sciences. Paul Dirac’s personal studies led to his discovery and formulation of the equation for the electron. Here is an example of personal knowledge shaping shared knowledge as Dirac’s work had to be validated but then was accepted as shared knowledge in physics.
Through Human Sciences and Natural Sciences, it can be concluded that personal knowledge influences shared knowledge through intuition as a way of knowing through the concepts of instinct and innate knowledge such as the innate sense of right and wrong. But it can be argued that shared knowledge has more of an effect on personal knowledge as it exists before the personal, and influences new knowledge by memory as our own interpretation of this shared knowledge is the way we create new personal knowledge.
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- While looking at Human Sciences and Natural Sciences as areas of knowing and memory, emotion, intuition and language as ways of knowing, we can see that shared knowledge can shape personal knowledge. Most knowledge is shared and in many cases shared knowledge exists prior to personal knowledge and plays a significant role in formulating it. Through the Human Sciences shared knowledge can be defined as knowledge that is based on cultural norms. Personal knowledge is defined as knowledge that is obtained by experience and perspective such as memories and emotions, personal knowledge can be something that an individual knows that others also know, therefore it is personal and shared, however, k... [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Science, Sociology]
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TOK Essay: What is it About Theories in the Human Sciences and Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?
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