Human Rights : Human Dignity Essay

Human Rights : Human Dignity Essay

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John Tasioulas introduces the idea that human rights are explained by the morals that humans possess through understanding of human dignity. He explains that are three connections that human dignity has to human rights. The first connection presented is that human dignity and rights are rarely distinguished between due to having virtually the same standards in regards to them. The second that dignity is a starting point in moral grounds that human rights build off of. And last, that the idea that human rights are justified by dignity, saying dignity is the ideal basis for human rights. Tasioulas chooses to focus on the last point, that it is our morals that bring about human rights and that our morals come from humans having dignity. The key thing being that human dignity is something that all possess by simply being human beings there is no merit in achievement or by what legislation or social position can give us.
The issue of explaining human rights comes from the political conceptions of human rights. The political stance is that human rights cannot come from regular moral reasoning. Those taking the political stance believe that you cannot give a comprehensive justification of human rights from morals since we live in an “ideologically pluralistic world.” That is to say since we must accept all views on religion, culture, politics, etc. that we cannot simply use morals since societies often disagree and morals are not thought to be a broad enough explanation. That being said Tasioulas gives us alternatives for human rights justification other that dignity those being love and interests.
The idea that love can justify human rights is rooted in the religious thought that god loves all humans. By gods love all humans are given...


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...mmon moral beliefs to the more comprehensive basic principle on which they are based.”
Hill closes by stating how this chapter was only a brief look of Kant’s works but concludes from it that Kant had more focus on the moral grounds of dignity that the metaphysics. Hills questions why one would see Kant 's works as dignity based on metaphysics and he finds no good reason. He refutes this through the claims that metaphysics to Kant are metaphorical or misleadingly present in titles of his works. Hills thoughts on Rosen and his regards to Kant are that Rosen is unhelpful by putting too much emphasis of analyzing Kant’s “kernel”. Hills closes by saying it is to the reader on how to interpret Kant, but that the clear understanding is that “we must treat ourselves and all others with the respect, restraint, and positive concern that is encapsulated in human dignity.





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