Human Rights And The Rights Essay

Human Rights And The Rights Essay

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While there is no clear definition for ‘human rights’, it is possible to describe them as basic moral and legal rights that all people have, simply in virtue of their humanity. Although human rights are traditionally associated with being civil and political rights, they also include socioeconomic rights. Focusing on a political conception of human rights, it is important to note that not every question of social justice is a human rights issue. Despite UN declarations, many do not consider poverty a violation of human rights. Severe poverty, traditionally defined in terms of low income, concerns insecurity caused by a lack of resources. By the UN dividing its human rights law into two separate treaties, countries are able to endorse civil and political human rights without the burden of endorsing socioeconomic ones. Some may even deem these rights to be less important in comparison. This is because interpretations of socioeconomic rights on an international level are regarded as too expansive, going further than what it means to be free from poverty. To be free from poverty, one would have basic subsistence necessary to lead a minimally good life. In this essay, I will argue that there is a human right to be free from poverty. I will focus primarily on the argument that poverty undermines human rights, therefore there is an implicit right to be free from poverty. An implicit right is still a right as some implied rights, depending on the legal precedent and statute, are protected by law and able override explicit rights. By considering the link between poverty and human rights intrinsic, the argument will be presented by questioning the capacity for freedom in relation to the right to liberty. I will also discuss limitations to t...


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...to non-interference but right to assistance in protecting that liberty. The necessary social and material conditions for personal survival would need to be created in order to maintain this right to liberty (Tasioulas 2007: 79). The idea can be furthered to suggest that poverty denies this to people. This is because your liberty is safe, so long as you can protect yourself. People in poverty cannot protect themselves. They will be unlikely to know what their liberties entails or what they can do to protect them, allowing exploitation and potential mistreatment. This vulnerability means the poor would not be able to safeguard their liberties, which is a violation of their rights. Ultimately, money provides this freedom by providing shelter, an education, and to lack money, is to lack this freedom. This demonstrates that there is a human right to be free from poverty.

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