There was a study done of the recidivism of the prisoners released after their sentence. The results concluded, “67.8% of the 404,638 state prisoners released in 2005 in 30 states were arrested within 3 years of release, and 76.6% were arrested within 5 years of release” (Durose et al 1). It seems as though punishment is not always the answer. An American psychologist and behaviorist, B. F. Skinner, carried out studies which show that humans tend to deliver the desired response most effectively when positively reinforced. “Positive reinforcement strengthens a behavior by providing a consequence an individual finds rewarding” (McLeod). For that reaso...
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...of washing dishes by hand is an example of the small tasks and personal activities that once filled people 's daily lives with a sense of achievement.”
The reasoning behind why people commit crimes is greatly influenced by their environment. A negative environment, with no sense of morality, is more likely to birth a convict than a positive one where morals and values are taught and encouraged. For this reason, prisons should practice the latter. According to Richard Harding of University of Western Australia, “A prison where the staff are unhappy or feel unsafe or frustrated with managers is likely to be one where the social climate for prisoners is likewise dysfunctional” (165). Ergo, the positive influences should trickle down from those at the top. Rehabilitative options should outshine punishment, and provide a sense of hope for those who are devoted to change.
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- Dostoevsky’s theme of ordinary and extraordinary people is the basis of his work of literature, Crime and Punishment, which derives from his own life experiences. Crime and Punishment, is the story of a Russian man named Rodion Raskolnikov. Raskolnikov is an impoverished St. Petersburg habitant student who, “determined to overreach his humanity and assert his untrammeled individual will commit two acts of murder and theft” (Dostoevsky). To try to amend his actions, he uses the money he steals from the murdered to perform good deeds.... [tags: Crime and Punishment Essays]
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- The Russian novelist Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky stands at the very summit of Russian literature. No 19th-century writer had greater psychological insight or philosophical depth. None speaks more immediately and passionately to the mood and tone of the present century. This essay will discuss how Dostoyevsky's intent to portray a 'truly beautiful soul' manifests itself in the novel The Idiot, and access Dostoyevsky's success or failure in achieving his intention. Dostoyevsky confesses in his letter to Maikov dated January 12, 1868 that his 'desperate situation' compelled him to resort to the fascinating and tempting, but nonetheless difficult and premature thought of portrayi... [tags: Fyodor Dostoyevsky]
3019 words (8.6 pages)
- Crime and Punishment, written by Fyodor Dostoyevsky in 1866, is a political novel about a poor former student, by the name of Raskolnikov, who murders a pawnbroker in an attempt to fulfill his own theory that if a man is truly extraordinary, then crime bears no meaning for him; therefore nothing he does is a crime, and he is exempt from morality. However, under the law, no one is exempt from punishment if they have committed a crime, and Raskolnikov is punished for his. Though Raskolnikov is physically punished for his crime, he did not truly suffer because he believes that murdering the pawnbroker was not a crime, but a benefit to humanity, and does not suffer the moral consequ... [tags: Fyodor Dostoyevsky]
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The Mind of a Criminal in Fyodor Dostoevsky’s "Crime and Punishment" and Mary Shelley’s "Frankenstein"
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- Throughout history, people have relied on fate as the reason for their misfortune. Whether they let it decide their actions or run their life, fate has been the excuse for many to make bad decisions. In Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Raskolnikov blames the majority of his crime on the instances of fate leading up to the murder of Alyona Ivanovna. Through Raskolnikov’s reliance on fate, readers are able to see Dostoyevsky’s negative stance on the concept of fate. Dostoyevsky does not approve of the use of fate as the determining factor for any logical decision.... [tags: decisions, murder, judgment]
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- Violence, Hatred, and Pain in Fyodor Dostoevsky's The Idiot "There was a look of unbounded pride and contempt, almost hatred, in that face, and at the same time something confiding, something wonderfully simplehearted." There began Prince Myshkin's curiosity of and infatuation with the complex Nastasya Filippovna as he sat in awe of this woman's picture in Fyodor Dostoevsky's The Idiot . This story, set in Russia during the late 1860's, is one of continuous love rivalries which describe the life of the Russian aristocracy during that time period.... [tags: Fyodor Dostoevsky The Idiot]
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- The Psychology of The Gambler In Fyodor Dostoyevsky's The Gambler, we are presented with a novel whose protagonist is what we would call today a problem gambler. The gambling mania of the story's hero, Alexei Ivanovitch, is a mirror of Dostoyevsky's own gambling compulsion. The heroine, Polina Alexandrovna, represents a woman Dostoyevsky had as a real lover. Polina is the stepdaughter of the General, who Alexei works for as a servant. The General shows paranoia over gambling from the outset of the story. He censures Alexei with respect to his care of the children, "I suppose you would like to take them to the Casino to play roulette? Well, excuse my speaking so plainly, but I know... [tags: Fyodor Dostoyevsky The Gambler]
2128 words (6.1 pages)
- Fyodor Dostoyevsky Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) was one of the greatest Russian novelists to ever live. There are so few authors, as Dostoyevsky was, who have had such a great impact on 20th century western literature. His works analyze social, moral, political, and psychological aspects of mankind. Dostoyevsky was born in Moscow in 1821. Much of Dostoyevsky's life experiences, especially early on, provided much influence for his writings. Dostoyevsky's determination to become a writer was stimulated by the literary upbringing by his parents and excellent education through private schools (Frank 4).... [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]
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