The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has become a huge health issue in the United States. (Healthy People, 2016) About 1.1 million of Americans in the US are today living with HIV, and 1 out of 5 people do not know that they are living with it. Throughout the years HIV continues to spread rapidly and about 56,000 new infections are reported each year. About 50 percent of those new HIV infections reported occur from the 21 percent of people that are infected with HIV but are not aware of it. (HP, 2016)
HIV virus was discovered by Centre for Disease Control on 5th June 1981 in the USA and was originally referred to as lymphadenopathy. It has since spread to every nation of the world. In 1982, the CDC changed the name of the Virus to HIV AIDs. HIV is in full the Human Immune- Deficiency virus. (CDC, 2014)
There are two types of HIV that lead to full blown AIDS; the two strands of HIV are HIV-1 and HIV-2. Most of the studies done so far have collected information on HIV virus-1 with very scanty information available on HIV-2. It takes just a few years for the body to develop full blown AIDS. The HIV virus has the potential of weakening the human body exposing its victims to cancer, STIs, and other infections. As at 2002, the CDC had already set up guidelines for HIV testing in the USA. All teenagers and adults were expected to take HIV tests after a certain duration of time. (Moreno CL 2007) The most common HIV test is conducted through ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno-sorbent Assay). This kind of test is applicable even in cases of chronic infection. To confirm the result of an HIV test the western blot test is used. Other tests include both the saliva and viral load tests. (CDC, 2014),
It’s also vital that w...
... middle of paper ...
...ategies aimed at preventing and reducing the prevalence of the virus through the help of NGOs. (Henry J. Kaiser 2013)
In conclusion, the HIV/AIDS pandemic has through this research paper been given an overview. The target group for the HIV research in this paper that was women and ethnicity was also explained with key statistics including ethnicity, diagnosis, and treatment clearly explained.
The role of health educators
CDC, (2014), HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnosis of HIV infection in the USA and dependent areas. CDC
CDC, (2013)National Vital Statistics Reports, Deaths: Final Data for 2013.CDC
Moreno CL(2007) The Relationship Between Culture and Gender, Structural Factors, abuse,
trauma and HIV for Latinas. Pub Med.
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, (2013) Women and HIV-AIDS in the United States.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Nearly 36.9 million people are unknowingly living with this global epidemic, HIV. HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus is a disease that attacks certain cells within your immune system. Your CD4 cells, better known as your T cells are the cells that defend your body against infections and diseases. Once contracting this disease the virus destroys majority of cells remaining, weakening your immune system. When your state of health becomes feeble, this disease can possibly become fatal. AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the ending stage of HIV.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]
709 words (2 pages)
- Introduction Colin Powell (2001) once said, “No war on the face of the earth is more destructive than the AIDS epidemic”. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, also known as HIV, is a global epidemic that has traditionally been linked to individuals who partake in risky behaviors; however in today’s society, HIV has no face. It does not discriminate against race, gender, age, sexual preference, or socioeconomic status. According to AIDS.gov (2014), “HIV is a virus that only affects humans and weakens the immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection”.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Immune system, Immunodeficiency]
2275 words (6.5 pages)
- Of all the things that are being done in an effort to help African countries with their epidemic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) helping on a grand scale has not be done. There has been a spread of informative programs to inform people of what they should be doing to prevent the spread of HIV and AIDS throughout all the regions of Africa. The people of Africa, when asked, were very knowledgeable about how to prevent the transmission of the viral particle, however the prevalence still remains high in African countries, including South Africa.... [tags: AIDS, Africa, HIV, South Africa]
841 words (2.4 pages)
- Public Health Problem The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has haunted humans for decades by weakening the immune system so low that disease progress to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Once in the human body, the virus infects vital cells leading to the depletion of CD4 immune and increasing susceptibility to other life-threatening diseases such as tuberculosis, pneumocystis pneumonia, and giving cancerous tumors an environment to thrive (Bacelar et al, 2014). The virus is spread through semen, blood, breast milk, or vaginal fluid.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Condom, Safe sex]
1629 words (4.7 pages)
- The 1970’s and early 1980’s was a very prominent time in history, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) came to the world’s attention. This disease continues to spread all over the world, costing millions of people’s lives each and every year. HIV is among one of the world’s most common and dangerous diseases. Once Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is in an individual’s system, they are affected for life. HIV attacks the body’s CD4 cells, otherwise known as T cells, which is what helps a human’s immune system fight off infections.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Africa]
2490 words (7.1 pages)
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (HIV) is a worldwide epidemic that could so easily be prevented. Currently there are 35.3 million people in the world living with HIV and every hour fifty women are infected with HIV. HIV/AIDS has been the cause of approximately 36 million deaths since it was discovered and continues to kill every day. Safe sex and needle-exchange programs, along with antiretroviral treatments are the best way to stop HIV from spreading and leading to AIDS. HIV is a virus that can be sexually transmitted, obtained through hypodermic needles or contaminated blood transfusions, or passed on from mother to child through pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.... [tags: safe, sex, programs, treatment, disease]
617 words (1.8 pages)
- One of the worst public health crisis of human history is the human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDs). I chose this disease because of its intriguing origins and the destructive prevalence that is has in the world today. The human immunodeficiency virus started spreading in Africa over 30 years ago and eventually spread worldwide. The disease has been a major plague on society, not only killing numerous people, but destroying the economy, devastating communities, and creating geographical issues.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Africa]
906 words (2.6 pages)
- Introduction Despite advances in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) remains an important public health concern, globally. There are still challenges facing HIV prevention, treatment and care at a local, national and global level. By 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about 35 million people were living with HIV globally and two million new infections reported every year (1). Among them, an estimated five million people living with HIV (PLHIV) were in Asia and the Pacific region, including Indonesia (2).... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health care, Public health]
1772 words (5.1 pages)
- HIV/AIDS: Conquering an Epidemic Through Community Outreach Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a pandemic disease that has gained worldwide attention over the past few decades affecting populations both in the United States and internationally. Diseases such as these are the very reasons epidemiology evolved into a medical science. HIV/AIDS is part of the era of eco-epidemiology where both local and global health patterns are analyzed (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2010, pp.... [tags: Health, Diseases, HIV/AIDS]
1204 words (3.4 pages)
- Citations AIDS.org - news, treatment information, and other resources. www.aids.org/ HIV and AIDS Activities - information from the FDA Office of Special Health Issues. www.fda.gov/oashi/aids/hiv.html Specialized Information Services Home Page - US National Library ... - ... Library of Medicine (NLM) is responsible for information resources and services in toxicology, environmental health, chemistry, HIV/AIDS, and specialized ... www.sis.nlm.nih.gov CDC-NCHSTP-Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) Home Page - ...... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]
2999 words (8.6 pages)