The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Epidemic Essay

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Epidemic Essay

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Overview of HIV
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has become a huge health issue in the United States. (Healthy People, 2016) About 1.1 million of Americans in the US are today living with HIV, and 1 out of 5 people do not know that they are living with it. Throughout the years HIV continues to spread rapidly and about 56,000 new infections are reported each year. About 50 percent of those new HIV infections reported occur from the 21 percent of people that are infected with HIV but are not aware of it. (HP, 2016)
HIV virus was discovered by Centre for Disease Control on 5th June 1981 in the USA and was originally referred to as lymphadenopathy. It has since spread to every nation of the world. In 1982, the CDC changed the name of the Virus to HIV AIDs. HIV is in full the Human Immune- Deficiency virus. (CDC, 2014)
There are two types of HIV that lead to full blown AIDS; the two strands of HIV are HIV-1 and HIV-2. Most of the studies done so far have collected information on HIV virus-1 with very scanty information available on HIV-2. It takes just a few years for the body to develop full blown AIDS. The HIV virus has the potential of weakening the human body exposing its victims to cancer, STIs, and other infections. As at 2002, the CDC had already set up guidelines for HIV testing in the USA. All teenagers and adults were expected to take HIV tests after a certain duration of time. (Moreno CL 2007) The most common HIV test is conducted through ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno-sorbent Assay). This kind of test is applicable even in cases of chronic infection. To confirm the result of an HIV test the western blot test is used. Other tests include both the saliva and viral load tests. (CDC, 2014),
It’s also vital that w...


... middle of paper ...


...ategies aimed at preventing and reducing the prevalence of the virus through the help of NGOs. (Henry J. Kaiser 2013)
In conclusion, the HIV/AIDS pandemic has through this research paper been given an overview. The target group for the HIV research in this paper that was women and ethnicity was also explained with key statistics including ethnicity, diagnosis, and treatment clearly explained.


Interventions
The role of health educators

Reference
CDC, (2014), HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnosis of HIV infection in the USA and dependent areas. CDC
CDC, (2013)National Vital Statistics Reports, Deaths: Final Data for 2013.CDC
Moreno CL(2007) The Relationship Between Culture and Gender, Structural Factors, abuse,
trauma and HIV for Latinas. Pub Med.
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, (2013) Women and HIV-AIDS in the United States.
Web. Feb.2014

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