Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

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The 1970’s and early 1980’s was a very prominent time in history, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) came to the world’s attention. This disease continues to spread all over the world, costing millions of people’s lives each and every year. HIV is among one of the world’s most common and dangerous diseases. Once Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is in an individual’s system, they are affected for life. HIV attacks the body’s CD4 cells, otherwise known as T cells, which is what helps a human’s immune system fight off infections. If this virus is left untreated, HIV drastically reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body causing the person to gain more infections. As HIV continues to progress and the number of cells are merely reduced a drastic amount, the body no longer has the ability to fight off any more infections and diseases. The infections begin to take over the weakened immune system which eventually causes the person to have AIDS, which is the final stage of HIV infection. What many people do not fully understand is that, not everyone who has the HIV virus has AIDS, but everyone who has AIDS (final stage) does in fact have the virus in their system.
In the past, there has been many debates on where the Human immunodeficiency virus has arisen from and it has been studied that a chimpanzee in West Africa had a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) which has been passed on to humans when humans were hunting these chimpanzee’s for meat ( De Groot, Natasja G). The first person reported to have HIV was a man who scientists refer to as “Patient Zero”, a man named Gaetan Dugas who was a Canadian flight attendant. Scientists believes that he was the early cause of the epidemi...


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...istic approach. HIV/AIDS has come a long way throughout the years, from when scientists believe it has arisen up until now we can see the trends that this certain virus has gone through to come where we stand today. Medical anthropologists as well as many other health care professionals including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, lab technicians, etc., have contributed to the role that we globally stand in terms of HIV/AIDS. Although there is no cure to HIV/AIDS, we do in fact have something called antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is not a cure to the virus but helps one control the virus as well as helping to maintain the risk of transmitting the virus along to someone else. Thanks to medical anthropologists and other health care professionals, each and every year the spread and control of diseases are being studied and analyzed to better the world we live in.




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