Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Essay

Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Essay

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is one of the world’s most severe and challenging health conditions worldwide (AIDS.gov). HIV contains up to nine-thousand RNA bases, one-millionth of what a human body could carry. It has about 9 genes that only encode about 15 proteins (Cohen, 143). Although it seems harmless, it has affected a drastic number of people to this day. There are 36.9 billion people throughout the world living with HIV/AIDS at this very moment; 2.6 million are children that have been tested HIV positive due to their mother carrying the disease when giving birth, pregnant, or breastfeeding. 34 million people have already died from AIDS. Majority of people infected with this disease is in the lower income countries such as Sub-Saharan Africa. In the United States, bisexual as well as homosexual men are the most severely infected; 1 in 8 people are unaware that they even carry this disease (AIDS.gov). HIV targets CD4+ T-cells and uses them as a vessel to multiply and spread throughout the human body. The HIV life cycle is a seven stage process which the body undergoes when getting infected. This includes binding, fusion, reverse transcription, integration, replication, assembly and budding (NIAID.nih.gov). What makes this condition so lethal is that it compromises the immune system greatly. Most HIV symptoms appear as those of the simple cold, however there are effective treatments such as antiviral therapy (ART) and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to seize HIV into developing into AIDS (AIDSinfo.nih.gov). Although there are preventative practices and treatments for controlling HIV there is still no known cure for either HIV or AIDS (CDC.gov).
When someone is i...


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... The HIV life cycle is intricate and rapidly develops an abundant amount of protein chains to infect a person’s entire body (NIAID.nih.gov). Effective treatments were found to prevent HIV exposure (PrEP) and there are a number of antiviral therapy (ART) drugs that can help to hinder the progression of HIV to AIDS. Although there are many obstacles in researching ways to prevent HIV infection, there have been signs of success throughout the decade that HIV infections have declined. Also, the number of those who are getting treated in poorer countries have risen. 15.8 million people are now getting treated with ART worldwide in 2015, a 2.2 million increase since 2014 (AIDS.gov). With continuous research on this condition and more awareness to the prevention of exposure, HIV and AIDS can be managed and deterred so that it no longer represents a major threat to society.

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