Essay on Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )

Essay on Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV attacks the immune system making it harder to fight off infections. It destroys specific cells called T-cells that aid the immune system fight diseases in the body. This virus creates copies of itself inside the T-cells.
Many different strains of HIV exist; they are classified into two main types: HIV-1 which is the most common type found worldwide and HIV-2 found mainly in Western Africa and some cases in India and Europe.
HIV is spread from an infected person to another person through direct contact with body fluids like blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, rectal and anal fluids, and breast milk. There are several ways a person can get infected with HIV, by having unprotected sex with someone that has HIV, sharing needles or syringes, a mother infected with HIV can pass the virus through blood during pregnancy and birth, breastfeeding, working in healthcare, and rarely by receiving blood transfusions and organ or tissue transplants that are infected with HIV.
When a person is infected with HIV, after two to four weeks, they will begin to experience flu-like symptoms lasting anywhere from a few days to several weeks, this process is called seroconversion. Some of these symptoms include fever, fatigue, headache, muscle and join aches, and sore throat. After this stage is over the asymptomatic stage begins. Most people start feeling better showing no other symptoms for 10 years or more. The virus will still be active though and will continue to infect new cells and making copies, which will cause damage to the immune system. The last stage of HIV infection is AIDS.
AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is caused by the HIV virus. At this point the body...


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...s. Exercising is also very important because it will help build muscles, keep bones strong, keep the heart healthy, and burn fat. Since people with HIV will experience loss strength and muscle mass, exercise can help prevent this from happening. Some of the exercises include flexibility training, cardio or aerobic exercises, and resistance training.
Eating healthy and exercising is important as well as looking after emotional and mental health. Someone who finds out they are HIV positive will be in shock and it will take time to adjust, but finding support from family and friends, or other people living with HIV, will definitely help.
HIV is a serious infection that should’t be overlooked because if left untreated it will eventually become AIDS. I believe the best way to prevent HIV from being passed on is by education people and helping understand how it works.

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