Essay about Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )

Essay about Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )

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HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an enveloped retrovirus that damages the immune system and the body cannot fight the organisms. It is a sexually transmitted disease and can also be spread by contact with infected blood, from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth, breast-feeding and so on (What Is HIV/AIDS, 2015). HIV infection progresses to AIDS when the immune system is badly affected and the individual becomes prone to opportunistic infections. However, everyone who has HIV does not advance to this stage (What Is HIV/AIDS, 2015).
Previously, HIV was considered a disease associated with young persons. However in present day, it is recognized as the disease that affects people of all ages. Individual aged 50 and older has many of the same HIV risk factors as a younger individual. There is an increase in the number of patients aged 50 and over who are living with HIV. This increase in the population is due to the increase in life expectancy of people with HIV and new cases in older people. To manage this increasing population a holistic care is needed i.e. palliative care.
According to World Health Organization ‘Palliative care is an approach which improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing life-threatening illness, through the prevention, assessment and treatment of pain and other physical, psychosocial and spiritual problems’ (WHO, 2002)
Palliative care aim is not to prolong life but it helps greatly in relieving pain and symptoms of the disease and thus provide pain free life and a good quality of life not only for the infected individual but for the family too (Simms, Higginson & Harding, 2012). The approach of care of the HIV infected people must change its focus from medical tr...


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...iative care which included the palliative care approach according to the stage of HIV/AIDS.
Conclusion
The sign and symptoms of HIV/AIDS differ from person to person. So, to manage increasing population of people with HIV infection holistic care should be provided. Palliative care is one of the best approaches to take to manage aging population with HIV/AIDS as it provides across the broader care. It is seen that palliative care for people with HIV infection helps in pain management, decrease anxiety by managing its symptoms, and thus help in increasing quality of life of the people aging with HIV. With this it is seen that palliative care has important role in managing increasing population of the people with HIV more effectively. In addition, palliative care also helps decrease the new case by addressing stigma and encouraging health seeing behavior.











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