The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Essay

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Essay

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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a major health concern in society. It is an infection that targets the immune and nervous system, and can be transmitted in several different ways. This includes through the sharing of needles, and transmission at birth. However, the most common route of transmission is through sexual intercourse. If not tested, individuals may live for years with the infection. They may experience no symptoms or develop an acute flu like sickness. Living with HIV for 10-15 years transforms into acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is “characterized by a collapse of the body’s natural immunity against disease,” and is a major public issue (Lutz, Mazur & Litch, 2015). Therefore, AIDS is defined as life threatening. Research has been conducted to determine if nutrition can aid individuals living with AIDS. Eating nutritious foods that boost immunity, are known to protect individuals against infectious diseases; consequently, making a major impact on those living with HIV/AIDS. However, HIV/AIDS commonly causes gastrointestinal dysfunction, multiple micronutrient deficiency, and involuntary weight loss. It is important to examine these nutritional problems, but first, one must understand the disease.
Understanding the effects HIV/AIDS have on the human body is important. Once an individual becomes infected with HIV, specific proteins called T helper or CD4 cells are attacked. CD4 cells are a type of white blood cell that fights infection. They are made in the spleen, lymph nodes, and the thymus gland (Campa & Baum, 2010). These glands are a part of the infection-fighting system. When bacteria or any other infectious mechanism are detected, CD4 cells send a signal to activate the body’s immune sys...


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...l current immunizations to boost their immunity and consulting patient to a dietitian. The nurse should also teach and explain how adequate rest and exercise can improve good health in general.
HIV/AID provides various nutritional issues. Gastrointestinal dysfunction, multiple micronutrient deficiency, and involuntary weight loss are the most common. If not tested, individuals are at higher risk of dying early due to living years with HIV infection. Eating nutritious foods that boost immunity are known to protect individuals against infections. However, once infected with HIV/AIDS, the ability to eat nutritious foods may become interrupted. It is important to examine these nutritional problems caused by HIV/AIDS. As a nurse, we should prevent malnutrition by supplementing feedings or consider other enteral feedings to aid AIDS individuals live a long productive life.

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