The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people 's defense systems against infections and some types of cancer. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient. Immune function is typically measured by CD4 cell count. Immunodeficiency results in increased susceptibility to a wide range of infections and diseases that people with healthy immune systems can fight off. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections, or other severe clinical manifestations.
Transmission of Disease
HIV can be transmitted via the exchange of a variety of body fluids from infected individuals, such as blood, breast milk, semen and vaginal secretions. Individuals cannot become infected through ordinary day-to-day contact such as kissing, hugging, shaking hands, or sharing personal objects, food or water. The spread of HIV from person to person is called HIV transmission. HIV transmission is possible at any stage of HIV infection, even if an HIV-infected person has no symptoms of HIV. The spread of HIV from an HIV-infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding is called mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having sex with or sharing drug injection equipment with someone who is infected with HIV. To reduce your risk of HIV infection, use condoms correctly and consistently during sex, limit your number of sexual partners, and never share drug injection equipment. Mother-to-child tra...
... middle of paper ...
...iving with HIV, just as it is by the general population. Only a mental health provider can accurately diagnose and treat depression.
Peter Vanable, a professor and chair of psychology at Syracuse University, conducted extensive research on the behavioral aspects of HIV and coping. He analyzed, for example, how HIV stigma affects mental health and medication adherence. “A significant subset of men and women who are HIV positive experience social rejection from family, from loved-ones [and] from partners, and those experiences of discrimination and rejection can really play out in difficult ways,” Vanable says. The way people react to news of an HIV diagnosis, he continues, can shape a patient 's long-term psychological response. “People 's experiences with social rejection and people’s internalized feelings of self-rejection tend to go hand-in-hand,” Vanable says.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- HIV is known as the Human immunodeficiency virus. The virus was recognized in a chimpanzee by scientists in Africa. They believe that it is the same cause of HIV infections found in humans. The type of infection found in chimpanzees is called the simian immunodeficiency virus that was spread to humans and also mutated into HIV. There was a time when human hunted chimpanzee for meat and was in contact with their blood that is infected. In past studies it showed that HIV have showed up in apes and humans in the late 1800s.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Immunodeficiency]
1767 words (5 pages)
- HIV, also known as the human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that attacks the immune system. It can be classified as a dangerous virus to humans as it can result in the formation of severe symptoms. Once an individual has been infected with the HIV virus they may go on to develop AIDS. HIV is found most abundant in developing countries, particularly that of the Sub-Saharan Africa, where over 28 million people are infected with HIV. In 2013, approximately 1.5 million people have died from aids related illnesses.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Immune system, Protein]
1816 words (5.2 pages)
- HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that affects the immune system by destroying a persons CD4 cells (T-cells) (1). “In the United States, HIV is mainly spread by having sex with someone who has HIV” (2). According the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV can also be spread by the sharing of needles with someone who has HIV, and by less common measures such as being born to an infected mother, being stuck with an HIV-contaminated needle, eating food that is pre-chewed by an HIV infected person, being bitten by a person who has HIV, contact with cuts of an HIV infected person, and open mouthed kissing with and HIV infected person (3).... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Antiretroviral drug]
1384 words (4 pages)
- Nearly 36.9 million people are unknowingly living with this global epidemic, HIV. HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus is a disease that attacks certain cells within your immune system. Your CD4 cells, better known as your T cells are the cells that defend your body against infections and diseases. Once contracting this disease the virus destroys majority of cells remaining, weakening your immune system. When your state of health becomes feeble, this disease can possibly become fatal. AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the ending stage of HIV.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]
709 words (2 pages)
- An immunodeficiency is a congenital or acquired condition that impairs the production or function of immune cells or certain molecules, such as antibodies. The most devastating of the acquired immunodeficiency is acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) which destroys the immune system by interfering with the activity of helper T cells. It was first identified in the United States in 1981 among homosexual men and intravenous drug user. The course of AIDS is often grim, finally ending in complete debilitation and death from cancer or overwhelming infection.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Immune system, T helper cell]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- HIV is a virus that stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus this virus if not taken care of can become the disease of AIDS. HIV is transmitted through the blood, semen, genital fluids and also breast milk. Individuals who have contracted this virus cannot infect anyone by ordinary day to day contact such as kissing, hugging, shaking hands or sharing personal objects, food or water. But it can be transmitted by having unprotected sex of sharing of contaminated needles and syringes which is the most common way it is transmitted.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Blood]
808 words (2.3 pages)
- HIV/AIDS History The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people 's defense systems against infections and some types of cancer. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient. Immune function is typically measured by CD4 cell count. Immunodeficiency results in increased susceptibility to a wide range of infections and diseases that people with healthy immune systems can fight off. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual.... [tags: AIDS, Immune system, HIV, Immunodeficiency]
1034 words (3 pages)
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is one of the world’s most severe and challenging health conditions worldwide (AIDS.gov). HIV contains up to nine-thousand RNA bases, one-millionth of what a human body could carry. It has about 9 genes that only encode about 15 proteins (Cohen, 143). Although it seems harmless, it has affected a drastic number of people to this day. There are 36.9 billion people throughout the world living with HIV/AIDS at this very moment; 2.6 million are children that have been tested HIV positive due to their mother carrying the disease when giving birth, pregnant, or breastfeeding.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Virus, Immune system]
2534 words (7.2 pages)
- HIV is the abbreviation for Human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is an enveloped retrovirus which interferes with your body 's ability to fight the organisms by damaging your immune system. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection and can also be spread by contact with infected blood, from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth, breast-feeding and so on. HIV affects the immune system, especially CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV destroys the overall immune system and the body is not able to fight off infections and disease (HIV/AIDS 101, 2015).... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Human sexual behavior]
1404 words (4 pages)
- HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that damages the human immune system and leaves HIV-positive people susceptible to many opportunistic infections and cancers. HIV leads to AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV/AIDS has no cure or preventative vaccine but there are many affective treatments that allow HIV-positive people to lead long lives and preventative measures to protect others from HIV transmission. HIV is believed to be originated in other primates in the Twentieth Century.... [tags: infection, treatment, acute infection]
1274 words (3.6 pages)
- Racial Segregation And The Black American Class Theory
- The Human Rights Council : Safe Drinking Water As A Human Right
- Karl Marx 's Analytical Comprehension Of Modernism
- The Birthmark By Nathaniel Hawthorne
- The Economic Strategy For Economic Crisis
- Comparing The Article, By Brian O ' Keeney 's Article