The Human Genome Project Is An International Scientific Research Project

The Human Genome Project Is An International Scientific Research Project

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The Human Genome Project is an international scientific research project that had one goal: to complete mapping and understanding of all the genes of human beings. A genome is a collection of all your genes and DNA. Every human cell has about 4 thousand genes. The Human Genome Project has many advantages and disadvantages to society. It can help us advance in medicine by early detection of genetic diseases and agriculture by creating more disease resistant animals and plants. However it can also be detrimental, for instance, it may give parents a chance to pick and choose characters their children will inherit.
The Human Genome Project can allow parents to determine their children 's genetic makeup. DNA is a continuous thread through all living things. From DNA you can tell if a person is at risk for alzheimer 's disease, breast cancer, and other illnesses. It took 10 years to find one genetic mistake that causes cystic fibrosis and huntington 's disease. Interestingly, only 1% of DNA is actually active and important, these are called genes. There are 3 million base pairs in DNA and just one wrong letter can make a difference. An example of this can be seen in Tay-Sachs disease. Infants with this disorder typically appear normal until the age of 3 to 6 months, when their development slows and muscles used for movement weaken. Affected infants lose motor skills such as turning over, sitting, and crawling Tay sachs can be traced down to just 4 atoms. Since genes create protein, fat is supposed to be dissolved in the brain. In this disease, the protein does not work so the fat builds up in the brain, swelling it and eventually crushing critical brain cells. One advantage of the human genome project is it could help us develop tests...


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...tal issues. While there are many advantages of the HGP, unfortunately the disadvantages seem to outweigh the potential benefits. Even though the government contributes to findings of genetic discoveries, ironically, it seems as though society is going to be restricted in its use of the new technology because many of the advances will be forbidden by law. Restricting the use of the new technology may create more problems than it solves. For instance, as a result of being able to have their own children, adoption rates might decrease and the percentage of children in orphan homes might increase. In addition to these setbacks, such knowledge of disease can be misused; as a result people may discriminate against individuals whose medical records are imperfect. It reallys puts the saying “With great power comes great responsibility” in perspective for the human race.

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