Essay about Human Development Shaped by Biology and Experience

Essay about Human Development Shaped by Biology and Experience

Length: 1051 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The first core concept suggested by From Neurons to Neighborhoods depicts human development forming from the interplay of an individual’s biology and experience. Early scientists in this particular field created testable hypotheses to understand the dynamic interaction between the nature-nurture phenomenon. For example, some scientists such as Arnold Gesell considered emerging skills to be the product of an individual’s genetic make-up, while others, such as John B. Watson, speculated human behavior was determined by the surrounding environment (Shonkoff & Philips, 2001, 23). Moreover, Nobel Prize winner Ivan Pavlov’s and North American scientist B.F. Skinner’s research in behaviorism contain principles in classical and operant conditioning which can help further explain this occurrence.
Pavlov’s classical conditioning is a learning process in which a substantial stimulus is connected with a common one; therefore, the significance of the common stimuli is heightened (Berger, 2011, 40). There are two necessary parts of classical conditioning which pertain to the first core concept of the nature-nurture development. The first deals with biology. Pavlov discovered a dog will tend to drool at the smell of food (Berger, 40). The biological design of the dog determines how fast or slow its metabolism is and whether or not it will seek hunger-fulfilling stimuli such as food. Moreover, a dog’s hunger may also be determined not just from the speed of its metabolism, but also by how much energy it has exhausted through daily activities. Likewise, a human is also genetically predisposed to seek out fulfilling stimuli when his or her biological needs are not met. In summary, just as a do...

... middle of paper ... will assess in what ways a child can be intellectually challenged or trained so the child may learn to become a thriving adult one day. For example, a mother of a toddler will help him or her learn how to speak and use a toilet. On the other hand, a mother of a twelve year old will encourage him or her to learn how to cook dinner or write a research paper. However, despite the encouragement and guidance of a mentor, a novice must also determine what his or her own skill abilities are and how to regulate his mental, emotional and physical capabilities to reach full development potential.

Works Cited

Berger, K. S. (2011). The developing person through the life span. (Eighth Edition). Worth Publishers.

Shonkoff, J. & Phillips, D. (Eds.). (2001). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Child Development Essay

- There have been many visionaries that have developed theoretical frameworks which give a basic, general approach to understanding the ways in which children develop. Doherty and Hughes (2009) recall that early childhood progression is most commonly presented in terms of specific periods of time. Therefore, this tends to relate to the idea of fixed and limited stages that are strongly linked with chronological age, moreover, providing a very specific ordering of change. The most frequently identified periods of development are prenatal, infancy and toddlerhood, early childhood, later childhood and adolescence....   [tags: Psychology, Locke, Rousseau, Piaget, Watson]

Strong Essays
1809 words (5.2 pages)

Essay about Raising Children

- Perspective Paper INTRODUCTION Parents and scientists are seeking a more sound way to determine how to raise the children of the up-coming generation. The web article From Neurons to Neighborhoods, describes ten essential concepts needed for the healthy development of human beings. Research and theories from K. S. Berger’s textbook, Developing Person Through the Life Span can be applied to the ten core concepts. This paper will expand upon six of the ten concepts including how a person advances through the nature-nurture phenomenon, cultural influences, self-regulation, building relationships, uniqueness, and vulnerability to risks and influences....   [tags: Human Development, Parenting, Children]

Strong Essays
2282 words (6.5 pages)

Studying Development Biology and Cellular Biology Essay

- To take my initial steps towards research, I spent the winter during my sophomore year working on a project at microbiology laboratory under Dr. Anil Limaye, Assistant Professor, IIT Guwahati. Apart from gaining valuable knowledge in bacteriology by surveying various literature works, I learned basic techniques such as bacterial culture and transformation. A diverse spectrum of laboratory courses like Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory, Biomolecular Analysis Laboratory and Biochemical Engineering Laboratory have trained me in several basic techniques like Plasmid extraction, Gel Electrophoresis, Purification and Estimation of proteins etc....   [tags: research, baterial, culture, skills]

Strong Essays
580 words (1.7 pages)

Evolutionary Development Biology Essay

- Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) has been instituted in the early 1980s as a distinctive field of study to characterize the new synthesis of evolution hypothesis (Müller, 2007). Evo-devo has been regarded as a new rule in evolutionary biology and complement to the neo- Darwinian theories. It has formed from the molecular developmental biology and evolutionary molecular genetics that their integration helps to greatly understand both of them into the recent evo-devo. Evo-devo as discipline has been explored the role of the process of individual development and the evolutionary phenotype changes that is mean the developmental procedure by which single-celled zygotes grow to be mul...   [tags: Biology, Embryology]

Strong Essays
2144 words (6.1 pages)

Evolutionary Developmental Biology Essay

- Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) was instituted in the early 1980s as a distinctive field of study to characterise the new synthesis of evolution hypothesis (Müller, 2007). Evo-devo is regarded as a new rule in evolutionary biology and a complement to neo-Darwinian theories. It has formed from the combination of molecular developmental biology and evolutionary molecular genetics; their integration has helped greatly to understand both of these fields. Evo-devo as a discipline has been exploring the role of the process of individual development and the changes in evolutionary phenotype, meaning the developmental procedure by which single-celled zygotes grow to be multicellular or...   [tags: Biology ]

Strong Essays
2219 words (6.3 pages)

Perceptions of Mental Illness Essay

- Perceptions of Mental Illness Throughout this course, much of what we have discussed has depended strongly on an interpretation of scientific information. We have questioned, criticized, accepted, rejected, and formed our own ideas about topics in neural and behavioral science. A book which I have read recently seems to fit in with this type of discussion. Blaming the Brain, by Eliot Valenstein, describes the major biological theories of mental illness and the lack of evidence we have to fully support them....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Strong Essays
1556 words (4.4 pages)

Southern Arizona: Lives that Shaped the Frontier Experience Essay

- "Ordinary" Women in Early Twentieth Century Southern Arizona: Lives that Shaped the Frontier Experience Some historians have argued that women’s roles in early 20th century Arizona centered exclusively around the domestic sphere and typified values of femininity such as passivity, motherhood, and loyalty to marriage. Their journeys to the West are likewise portrayed as involuntary and life on the frontier a hated struggle. For example, Christiane Fischer states, “Frontier conditions tended to reinforce women in their traditional roles and did not open up any new possibilities for them” (Fischer, 46)....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Free Essays
3214 words (9.2 pages)

My Experience with Biology Essay

- My Experience with Biology To all who know me, they know how I can’t stand anything that is gross and slimy, or possibly get me in any way, shape, or form dirty. (I can’t stand to be dirty at all!) When I go to the doctors, I can’t even stand to see the nurses poke my arm with a long, cold, sharp needle, so they can get a blood sample. I can’t even stand to watch the shows on the Discovery channel where they are operating on any part of the human body and there is blood oozing from the open flesh of a human being....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing]

Free Essays
1655 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Biology and Philosophy of Love

- Biology and Philosophy of Love What does it mean to love another person. This question is one that virtually every person has asked himself at some point; virtually every school of thought that exists has attempted to provide an answer of some sort. In this paper I will explain my own attempt at answering that question, from the perspective of an amateur philosopher; then I shall delineate the answers that some biologists have given. We shall see that, while at first these two sets of answers might appear to be quite different, there are in fact some interesting and notable similarities....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Free Essays
1087 words (3.1 pages)

Biology Essay

- Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics....   [tags: Biology]

Free Essays
2806 words (8 pages)