“The nature-nurture issue is a perennial one that has resurfaced in current psychiatry as a series of debates on the role that genes (DNA) and environments play in the etiology and pathophysiology of mental disorders” (Schaffner)
The debate is essentially about what is inherited (nature) and what is experienced by environmental factors (nurture) and how they affect human development. Naturally, the nature versus nurture debate relates to many controversies such as intelligence, gender identities, violent behaviors, and sexual orientation.
There are countless studies on whether intelligence is an inherited trait or if it is influenced by environmental factors. A study was conducted with adopted children and non-adopted children to see if a conclusion can be made based on the influence of hereditary and environmental intellectual variation (Leahy). The study was conducted with strict standards to make it valid. For example, the adopted children that were studied were young; they also were brought up in similar backgrounds as the control children. Parents’ occupation was also similar, as this would affect the results if the parents had varying occupations (Leahy). The results from this study showed that:
“Variation in IQ is accounted for by variation in home environment to the extent of not more than 4 percent; 96 percent of the variation is accounted for by other factors” (Leahy).
“Measureable environment does not shift the IQ by more than 3 to 5 points above or below the value it would have had under normal environmental conditions… The nature or hereditary component in intelligence causes greater variation than does environment. When nature an...
... middle of paper ...
...lic School Publishing Co
Cherry, Kendra “What Is Nature versus Nurture?” Accessed February 20, 2014.
Ellis, L. 1987 Psychological Bulletin. Neurohormonal Functioning and Sexual Orientation: A Theory of Homosexuality-Heterosexuality
Gallup, G 1977 Homosexuals in America. Gallup Opinion 147
Hettena, Seth “Study Questions ‘Sex Reassignment’” Accessed February 20, 2014.
1935 Genetic Psychology Monographs. Nature-Nurture and Intelligence.
2007 Neuropsycopharmacology. Nature and Nurture Predispose to Violent Behavior: Serotonergic Genes and Averse Childhood Environment
32 (11); 2375-2383
2001 Current Opinion in Psychiatry. Nature and Nurture.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... (Sigelman and Rider 2014) Individuals who support the nature theory believe that the genes passed on from the parents to the child dictates the path in which they will grow and learn. On the nurture side of the debate are those who emphasize change in response to environment. All the external physical and social conditions, stimuli, and events that can affect us. (Sigelman and Rider 2014) Individuals who support the nurture theory argue that an individual’s experiences shape their development, behavior, and personality.... [tags: Nature versus nurture, Tabula rasa, Human nature]
798 words (2.3 pages)
- ... These stimuli are known as teratogens, or agents, such as a chemical or virus, that can cause significant damage to the developing embryo or fetus. One result of such teratogens is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or FAS. Heavy drinking during a woman’s pregnancy can cause physical and mental abnormalities including small, out-of-proportion head and abnormal facial features. Once nine months of development is complete, and the child enters the world, it arrives with automatic reflex responses that ensure survival such as sucking, tonguing, swallowing, and breathing.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1009 words (2.9 pages)
- It is generally accepted that we are born and not made, this indicates that our genetic code influences who we are rather than the environment in which we live. In the nature-nurture debate, nature refers to our genes or genetic code. While nurture is about the environmental experiences we live in, such as, socio-economic conditions, cultural background, religion or other environmental experiences. There has been debates of nature versus nurture as having an impact on childhood development. Over time, surveys have indicated there are little to no differences, as they influence each other on childhood development.... [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]
1158 words (3.3 pages)
- Distinction Nature and nurture in childhood: physical development The study of nature development refers to the inherited characteristics and tendencies, these are genetic, and these which are inherited help influence the development through childhood. Some inherited characteristics appear in virtually everyone, For instance, almost all children have the capacity to learn to walk, understand language, imitate others, use simple tools, and draw inferences about how other people view the world. The coding of genes in each cell determine the different traits which we have, more dominantly on the physical attributes like eye colour, hair colour, ear size, height, and other traits.... [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]
2136 words (6.1 pages)
- Reflection of My Nature and Nurture Development Jayce Thompson Concordia University Developmental Psychology is an area which studies how we as humans change over the period of our life span. The majority of the focus is broken into three categories: cognitive, physical and social change. The creation of who we are today comes down to the everlasting debate of nature versus nurture. This ongoing debate of what makes us who we are and which one is the driving force in development may be so simple that it’s complex.... [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]
1357 words (3.9 pages)
- Researchers have been in dispute for many centuries about whether nature or nurture has a stronger influence on early human development. Nature is inherent traits from birth and Nurture is one's environment (physical, cultural, social, and familial) plays in one's physical and psychological identity. This essay will examine the degree to which nurture or nature influence early human development. Nurture strongly influences early human development, for many reasons. According to Locke (17th.Century), the mind of a new born infant is a “blank slate”.... [tags: Human Development]
520 words (1.5 pages)
- One of the oldest arguments in psychology is the nature versus nurture debate. This debate focuses on if the contributions of genetic inheritance or the environment plays a role in human development. As always, there are two sides of every debate. In this case, there are the nativists, who believe human development is determined by genetics, and there are the empiricists, who believe that development is the result of learning and the person’s environment. Philosophers from centuries ago, such as Plato, suggested that certain aspects of human life are innate or that they occur because of someone’s environment.... [tags: human development, characteristics, behavior]
610 words (1.7 pages)
- Noted psychologist Jerome Kagan once said "Genes and family may determine the foundation of the house, but time and place determine its form" (Moore 165). The debate on nature versus nurture has been a mystery for years, constantly begging the question of whether human behavior, ideas, and feelings are innate or learned over time. Nature, or genetic influences, are formed before birth and finely-tuned through early experiences. Genes are viewed as long and complicated chains that are present throughout life and develop over time.... [tags: Nature vs. Nurture Essays]
1557 words (4.4 pages)
- The debate between nature and nurture seems like an ongoing process. The term nature in this case refers to the biological and family factors whereas nurture refers to the social and environmental factors. I think that our personality and development are influenced by both sides. It is almost impossible to differentiate between these two influences, there isn’t really a good way of telling how much we are influence genetically and how much we are influence environmentally. Certain physical characteristics, such as eye color, hair type, and diseases are biologically determined by genetic inheritance.... [tags: Psychology, Nature versus nurture, Biology]
776 words (2.2 pages)
- Developmental psychology seeks to understand why and how all people change over time (Berger, 4). We start off as similar babies, yet we grow to be so distinct from each other. The purpose of this research paper is to discuss some of the big questions that we have today in the field of developmental psychology; the nature-nurture controversy, how we grow into such distinct adults, and whether or not the experiences we go through can change us. Is it nature or nurture. The nature vs. nurture debate seeks to understand how our personalities and traits are produced by our genetic makeup and how our environment, including our parents, peers, and social interactions, shapes them.... [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]
1926 words (5.5 pages)
- The Flute Virtuosity: Johann George Tromlitz
- For Your Own Good by Alice Miller
- St. Jude Children’s Hospital: Giving Hope to the Hopeless
- A Brief History of Robin Hood by Nigel Cawthorne
- Compare and Contrast Two Theories of Gender Role Development
- Reconsidering Alzheimer’s Pathology and Hippocampal Neurogenesis.