Michael Soules, a professor and director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the University of Washington, concurs with the idea that reproductive human cloning is unethical. He further explains that the success of cloning depends on the species. Small animals and plants have already been cloned numerous times. Laboratory mice and apples from cloned fruit trees have been successfully cloned numerous times. Larger animals, on the other hand, go through major problems during the cloning process. Fetuses face difficulties such as placental malfunction, respiratory distress, and circulatory problems. Mark E. Westhusin, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Animal Science at Texas A&M University testified in a Congressional hearing that an estimated 90% of all cloned fetuses, in cattle, die and abort between days 35 and 90 of gestation. The most common abnormality is associated with the placenta which poses problems for both the mother and fetus. Normally, both mother and fetus die during the late gestation period due to health problems related with the placenta. If, by chance, the fetus does survive it would face developmental abnormalities and die shortly after. From this testimony by Westhusin, Soules concludes that cloning seems...
... middle of paper ...
...3), 125-135. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8519.2006.00486.x.
Rai, B., Dhattarwal, S., Kharb, D., Jain, R., Kharb, L., Kharb, S., et al. (2007). Human Clone: who is related to whom. Internet Journal of Law, Healthcare & Ethics, 4(2), 1. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
Soules, M.R. (2005). Human Reproductive Cloning Is Not Ethical. In Laura K. Egendorf (Ed.), Current Controversies: Medical Ethics. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press. Retrieved February 22, 2010, from Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database.
Strong, C. (2008). CLONING AND ADOPTION: A REPLY TO LEVY AND LOTZ. Bioethics, 22(2), 130-136. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8519.2007.00603.x.
Weasel, L., & Jensen, E. (2005). Language and values in the human cloning debate: a web-based survey of scientists and christian fundamentalist pastors. New Genetics & Society, 24(1), 1-14. doi:10.1080/14636770500037552.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The word "cloning" is commonly used in everyday communication to mean many different technological procedures. Cloning is more specifically defined as somatic cell nuclear transfer. Simply explained by Glenn McGee in his article Primer on Ethics and Human Cloning as "the starvation and subsequent implantation of DNA from one organism (e.g., cells specialized to make that organism's hair or milk) into an egg whose DNA nucleus has been removed. The resulting egg and nucleus are shocked or chemically treated so that the egg begins to behave as though fertilization has occurred, resulting in the beginning of embryonic development of a second organism containing the entire genetic code of the fir... [tags: Ethics, Human Cloning]
2724 words (7.8 pages)
- Reproductive human cloning is a form of asexual reproduction done in a lab, not by a sperm fertilizing an egg. This issue has been a hot topic for the past decade after Dolly the sheep was cloning in Scotland. Dolly was the first cloned mammal, whose very existence created much heat in the general public (Hansen, 2004). Many people believe that cloning is ethically immoral and should never be done, but others think that scientific advances can greatly cure diseases. Michael Soules, a professor and director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the University of Washington, concurs with the idea that reproductive human cloning is unethical.... [tags: Cloning]
873 words (2.5 pages)
- The Medical and Ethical Perspectives of Human Cloning In our modern day world, the technology of genetic engineering and human cloning for the use of asexual reproduction has reached a point to where we must ask ourselves if it is a good practice for medical purposes, or if it presents issues of ethical and moral concern. Human cloning is a very cmplex process; it is very multilayered in the promises and threats that are suggested by scientists (Kolata 8). In the basic definition, cloning is accomplished by removing the nucleus of a mature, unfertilized egg and replacing it with a specialized cell from an adult organism. The nucleus taken contains most of the hereditary material... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
1820 words (5.2 pages)
- As years pass, more and more gadgets, machines, transportations, and foods are being improved because of the technological advancements. Even the life of humans is improved by the years, where the life expectancy is increasing because of the developed medical research, medicines, and medical equipments. However, developed biomedical methods such as cloning are controversial, and in fact 93% of all Americans oppose cloning. Because of the controversies against this practice, the United States would not open the door to reproductive cloning, and this lead to a debate between the government, and scientists and bioethicists- who are supporting human cloning.... [tags: Ethical Issues, Human Cloning]
2371 words (6.8 pages)
- Technology today is growing at an alarming rate. Things that seemed impossible only a few years ago are now a reality, and some far fetched things such as time travel, that are present in today's science fiction movies, might possibly become reality soon as well. One prevalent idea that seemed impossible a few years ago but that is now a reality is the idea of human cloning. The fantasy that some people had about having clones of themselves or of animals a few years ago is not a fantasy anymore; it is a reality.... [tags: Clones Biology Ethics]
3119 words (8.9 pages)
- The Ethical and Theological Implications of Human Cloning Introduction Advances in science and technology have often caused revolutionary changes in the way society views the world. When computers were first invented, they were used to calculate ballistics tables; today they perform a myriad of functions unimagined at their conception. Space travel changed the way mankind viewed itself in terms of a larger context, the universe. In 1978, the first test tube baby was born in England making it apparent for the first time that babies could be conceived outside a mother’s womb.... [tags: Reseach Papers Science Scientific Essays]
4878 words (13.9 pages)
- Does Artificial Human Cloning Challenge Ethical Boundaries. Are you one of the millions of humans that take their individuality for granted. If so, adding a replica of a loved one no big deal. Or is it. Human cloning, will it be the wave of the future which will create a human being that will genetically superior or simple replace a loved one that died. What would a parent pay to replace a lost child $1000.00, $10,000.00, or as much as one million dollars, and if so would this be justifiable, moral, or even ethical.... [tags: Medical Ethics ]
2106 words (6 pages)
- Animal and Human Cloning: Moral, Ethical, and Regulatory Issues Dolly, woolly, innocent, and sweet, strongly contrasts with the severity of the issues that she has raised. Ever since the news surfaced that Dr. Ian Wilmut had succeeded in cloning a sheep, people around the world have been participating in a frenzied debate over the morality of cloning animals, and more importantly human beings. The cloning of animals and humans could help the world in unprecedented ways, but could also give rise to unforeseen problems.... [tags: Science Biology Biological Essays]
2514 words (7.2 pages)
- Cloning: Is It Ethical Is it worth the risk. The risk of endangering lives. Yes, cloning is possible with the proper equipment, and has been done before. In 1997, the first clone of a sheep named Dolly was created, with a success rate of one to four percent. Since then we all know that technology and the knowledge in science has increased dramatically, which has impacted society in many ways. But as amazing as commercials, magazine articles, newspapers, and even scientist reviews make cloning sound and appear to the public’s eyes, is it ethical.... [tags: Cloning, Human, Morality, Dolly]
1392 words (4 pages)
- Human Cloning Human Cloning comes with two dangerous processes, reproductive cloning (the creating of a new organism) and the therapeutic cloning (the creation of a new tissues or “other biological products”) which affects the ethics of human society. Scientists perceive cloning benefits all men and women, while religious leaders stress the idea of cloning to be an unethical process. Although human cloning serves as an aid to the children and parents with conflicts, cloning is completely unacceptable to convey human life as a product.... [tags: Ethical Issues, Cloning]
1030 words (2.9 pages)