Michael Soules, a professor and director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the University of Washington, concurs with the idea that reproductive human cloning is unethical. He further explains that the success of cloning depends on the species. Small animals and plants have already been cloned numerous times. Laboratory mice and apples from cloned fruit trees have been successfully cloned numerous times. Larger animals, on the other hand, go through major problems during the cloning process. Fetuses face difficulties such as placental malfunction, respiratory distress, and circulatory problems. Mark E. Westhusin, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Animal Science at Texas A&M University testified in a Congressional hearing that an estimated 90% of all cloned fetuses, in cattle, die and abort between days 35 and 90 of gestation. The most common abnormality is associated with the placenta which poses problems for both the mother and fetus. Normally, both mother and fetus die during the late gestation period due to health problems related with the placenta. If, by chance, the fetus does survive it would face developmental abnormalities and die shortly after. From this testimony by Westhusin, Soules concludes that cloning seems...
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Soules, M.R. (2005). Human Reproductive Cloning Is Not Ethical. In Laura K. Egendorf (Ed.), Current Controversies: Medical Ethics. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press. Retrieved February 22, 2010, from Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database.
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