Since the middle of the twentieth century, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) has been known to be the blueprint for an organism’s structure and function. The nucleotide bases that make up DNA are complementarily transcribed into RNA, edited and altered, and translated into proteins. These proteins then function as building blocks for an organism’s body, or as construction workers to actually build and maintain the function of the body. Because human and chimpanzee genomes are more than 98.5% identical at loci that code for proteins, a U.S. research team theorized that it was not likely...
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