Human-Animal Hybrid Research: What is a Chimera? Essay

Human-Animal Hybrid Research: What is a Chimera? Essay

Length: 1062 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The word “chimera” is that usually only related to mythology. However, it can also be used to describe a type of research that combines organisms composed of genetic material (usually cellular) from two distinct species (Eberl & Ballard, 2009). This term can be applied to research using genetic material from humans and animals. With this kind of human-animal hybrid research, scientists are able to perform experiments using things like human embryonic stem cells without injury to people or animals. There is great debate, though, that this kind of research will lead to scientists adding to the development of new species of animals capable of more human characteristics, such as moral thinking, and that these scientists are “playing God.” With careful regulation, scientists should be allowed to continue to perform experiments on human-animal chimeras to be able to advance in knowledge about HIV research, Parkinson’s disease, and other diseases.
Chimera. The word originally comes from that of Greek mythology and describes an animal that is a combination of a lion, a serpent, and a goat (Sherringham, 2008). Sherringham (2008) describes the present-day definition of how it relates to science and research as organisms “comprised of at least two genetically distinct populations of cells originating from independent embryos,” but the combined genetics are not a result of sexual reproduction (Sherringham, 2008, p. 767). The word chimera can also be used to refer “to a biological entity composed of genetic material from members of two distinct species” (Eberl & Ballard, 2009, p. 471).
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). These “stem cells are derived from embryos that develop from eggs that have been fertilized in vit...

... middle of paper ...

...10. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061900
National Academy of Sciences. (2014). Who we are. Retrieved from
Obama, B. (2009). Removing barriers to responsible scientific research involving human stem cells. Federal Register, 74(48).
Sherringham, T. (2008). Mice, men, and monsters: Opposition to chimera research and the scope of federal regulation. California Law Review, 96(3), 765-800.
Streiffer, R. (2010). Chimeras, moral status, and public policy: Implications of the abortion debate for public policy on human/nonhuman chimera research. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 38(2), 238-250. doi:10.1111/j.1748-720X.2010.00484.x
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2010). What are embryonic stem cells? Stem Cell Information. Retrieved from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Chimera Research: Animal and Human Hybirds Essay

- ... Currently, the United States and the United Kingdom do not have laws regarding the use and research of chimeras .Only the states of Louisiana and Arizona have laws regarding human and animal hybrids (Silverman). Cynthia Cohen, a member of Canada’s Stem Cell Oversight Committee, believes the U.S. should have implement a law against the transferring of human cells into animal embryos and vice-versa. However, Weissman is against the ban and claims that can hinder the research, that can save thousands of lives (Mott)....   [tags: medical, genome, dna, embryo]

Strong Essays
573 words (1.6 pages)

Human-Animal Hybrid Experiments Essay

- Overview The current issue facing societies around the world is human-animal hybrids experiments. These experiments are viewed in two lights, positive and negative. The positive of having these tests are that scientists could rid the world of diseases. However on the other hand people see these studies as inhumane and detrimental to everyone’s well being. This paper will be broken down into 6 areas including (1) a brief history of hybrid experiments dating within the decade, (2) a view of the stakeholders in the issue at hand, (3) how people would interact with humans receiving these treatments, (4) cultural and ethical considerations, (5) problems still at hand, and (6) a conclusion....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]

Strong Essays
1767 words (5 pages)

Essay on Animal Rights And Human Rights

- ... One of the best examples I found of animal rights is that “the prophet taught that the animals’ rights are to be respected, to be spared from suffering and given the food it needed, to be treated well, was not negotiable.” (Waldau 2010, 3) This shows what I believe to be the best interpretation of what animal rights exactly are. I choose to explain animal welfare only because upon researching I found a lot of information I thought pertained to animal rights actually was related to animal welfare....   [tags: Human, Thought, Animal rights, Morality]

Strong Essays
1878 words (5.4 pages)

The Human Animal Relationship Of Animals Essay

- ... On the hand, many animals do well in captivity, especially in home setting. Arguably the most controversial part of the human-animal relationship is animal testing. Animal testing can vary in extremity. There are very harsh tests and there are tests that are minimally invasive. The biggest controversy over animal testing is that, although it can result in new products and medical treatments, it can be torture for animals. Potential for medical advances is something that many people believe is worth the sacrifice of animal wellbeing....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal welfare]

Strong Essays
2183 words (6.2 pages)

Animal Life As Important As Human Lives Essay

- Are Animal Lives as Important as Human lives. The question of whether or not the lives of animals are equivalent to lives of humans remains open. Facts show the many differences between human and animal life, and that very people would argue that the lives of animals aren’t valued. It’s known that humans may be more intelligent than animals and we may have more influence over the Earth however, that doesn’t determine importance. Therefore, human lives are not more important than animal lives. Animals have their part in the environment and do make a contribution to Earth....   [tags: Human, Natural environment, Animal, Chimpanzee]

Strong Essays
1250 words (3.6 pages)

Should Animal Testing Be Improved The Quality Of Human Life? Essay

- When it comes to the topic of animal cruelty, most of us will agree that animal testing has improved the quality of human life. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of whether or not there are alternative methods available to researchers. Whereas some are convinced that animal experiments don’t always predict human outcomes, others maintain that there are no alternatives to animal testing. My own view is that animal experimentation is necessary. Carl Cohen, who is a professor of philosophy at the University of Michigan, remembers when he was a counselor at a camp in North Carolina for young children in 1948....   [tags: Animal testing, Human, Science, Animal rights]

Strong Essays
1289 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Animal Rights, Human Wrongs, By Tom Regan

- ... With all that being said, Regan says it is inadequate mainly because it does not put animal welfare as the top priority, but rather explains the issues involving the people conducting the cruel act. The final account that Regan talks about is the Utilitarian account. The Utilitarian account states that having consequences for everyone and everything explains how we should treat animals. Regan claims the utilitarian account is inadequate, due to the reason it could promote radical differential treatment and injustice, however he says that out of the three accounts he talks about, this one is the most plausible along with the least prejudicial....   [tags: Animal rights, Human, Morality, Animal welfare]

Strong Essays
1052 words (3 pages)

Human-Animal Interaction Essay

- Currently, I am a senior at the University of Nebraska at Omaha pursuing a dual major in Neuroscience and Psychology. I have always been interested in human-animal interactions from multiple perspectives including the psychological, sociological, personal and ethical perspectives. From a psychological perspective, I have studied the importance of animal-assisted therapies in various clinical disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). I have also studied human-animal interaction in the context of violent offenders and the associated cases of animal abuse....   [tags: human animal behavior, pavlov, skinner]

Strong Essays
1831 words (5.2 pages)

Hybrid Cars Essay

- 1 Introduction A healthy and prosperous society is based on a healthy and prosperous economy. And during the last century, following the economic growth, the social networks expansion and the geographic dispersion of economic activities, transport became the spinal column of commercial and industrial interaction. The capacity of individuals as well as firms to exchange goods and services became crucial not only for economic purposes but also for better life quality. Unfortunately, the drawback effects of transport have an important impact on the natural and human environments on one hand, and on the growing fuel consumption accompanying the current oil crisis on another hand....   [tags: Gasoline Electric Hybrid Automobiles]

Strong Essays
2003 words (5.7 pages)

Hybrid Cars Essay

- Field Experience Report Hybrid Cars The world population is increasing at a massive rate and with the increase in population growth more space is needed for building houses, roads, schools, hospitals, etc. “The world's population will rise from 6.5 billion to 9.1 billion by 2050, according to a United Nations survey released Thursday. Much of the growth will take place in the least-developed countries, where a high rate of mortality is outweighed by an even higher rate of fertility. Their current collective population of 800 million is projected to swell to 1.7 billion in 2050.” (Wald) Human population growth can be seen as having a major impact on the environment as human activities are i...   [tags: Gasoline Electric Hybrid Automobiles]

Strong Essays
1815 words (5.2 pages)