Self-confidence is made up of two main components, self-efficacy and self-esteem. Self-efficacy is defined as the levels of confidence individuals have in their ability to execute courses of action or attain specific performance outcomes (Bandura 1997). Self-esteem is a term used to reflect a person’s own evaluation or appraisal of their own worth (Baumeister, 1993) It is believed that these aspects are important in deepening our understanding of sporting performance it is also believed that these two main aspects of self-confidence are vital in achieving a high level of sporting performance. Psychologists such as Bandura and Vealey have proposed models to suggest how sporting performance is affected by self-confidence. It is important that we understand how self-confidence can be achieved because with low self-confidence, an individual can’t perform to their full potential. It’s even possible that a person that isn’t particularly good at a sport but has a high level of self-confidence can perform better than an individual who is very good at a sport with a low self-confidence level because how we perceive ourselves can be a powerful influence over our behaviour.
Bandura Proposed that self-efficacy is derived from performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion and psychological arousal. Performance accomplishments have the biggest impact of self-efficacy because they are based on a person’s own experiences. If the experiences have mostly been successful, then this will raise the self-efficacy level because one will almost expect to be successful in the future. However, if the experiences are repeatedly perceived ...
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...mean that there was a high level of bias as Vealey would have wanted the findings to back up her theory in order to make her seem like a better psychologist. To conclude, both theories have had a fundamental impact on our understanding of self-confidence and sporting performance but Banduras self-efficacy has had a larger impact as it has more evidence to support it and can be applied to more areas of performance than Vealey’s model.
Vealey, R.S.V. (1986) Conceptualisation of Sport-Confidence and Cognitive Orientation. Journal of Sport Psychology., pp. 221-246.
Law, B.L. and Hall, C.H. (2009) Observational learning use and self-efficacy beliefs in adult sport novices. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 10 (2), pp. 263-270.
Davey, G.D. (2011) Applied Psychology. : Bps Blackwell.
Feltz, D.L.F. (2008) Self-Confidence and Sports Performance. : Human Kinetics.
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