What is a comprehensive literacy classroom? To answer that you first must understand that each child in a classroom is different and therefore will have diverse needs. A teacher must figure out a way to meet the needs of all the children which can be very challenging and complex. The term used in the education world for this is differentiation. In a comprehensive literacy classroom a teacher must differentiate instruction, often by utilizing small groups, pairs or one on one sessions. You also must make sure you create engaging lessons. By this I mean that students are having so much fun they almost forget they are actually learning. In a comprehensive literacy classroom teacher lecture very little and let the students do most of the work.
Ellery (2009), states that there are three critical components in order to build a comprehensive literacy classroom. These components are curriculum, assessment and instruction. Research suggests that your curriculum should include the five essential components for teaching reading; Phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension (Learning ...
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... You must be prepared and have all materials ready and very little lag time. This helps to keep your students focused and engaged. A teacher should never stop learning themselves and utilize any professional development opportunities presented. A comprehensive literacy classroom is a place where learning can flourish and students of all different backgrounds and learning abilities can succeed.
Ellery, V. (2009).Creating strategic readers: Techniques for developing competency in
phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
Learning Point Associates. (2004).A closer look at the five essential components of effective
reading instruction: a review of scientifically based reading research for teachers. Retrieved from http://www.learningpt.org/pdfs/literacy/components.pdf.
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