The main body of the essay will discuss and differentiate andragogy from pedagogy, and how I might use Knowles’s theory in future training.
Malcolm Knowles Theory.
Malcolm Sheppard Knowles (aug 24th 1913- nov 27th 1997) was an American adult educator famous for the adoption of the adult learning theory andragogy , initially a term coined by the German teacher Alexander Kapp in 1833.
Knowles is credited with being a fundamental influence in the development of the humanist learning theory. During his illustrious career, he authored over 230 articles and 18 books.
Knowles collected ideas about a theory of adult education from the end of World War 2, when he was introduced to the term “androgogy”. In 1966, Knowles meet Dusan Savicevic in Boston, U.S.A. Savicevic shared the term androgogy with Knowles and explained how it was used in the European context. .In 1967, Knowles made use of the term “Androgogy” to explain his theory of adult education. Then after consulting Merriam-Webster he converted the spelling of the term androgoy to andragogy and continued to make use of the term to explain his collection of ideas about adult learning. (Sopher 2003).
For hundreds of years the traditional, most frequently implemented and trainer, centred approach to learning has been and still is pedagogy.
Knowles defines pedagogy as “the art and science of teaching c...
... middle of paper ...
...ffs: Prentice Hall/Cambridge.
Sopher, M. J. (2003). An historical biography of Malcolm S. Knowles: The remaking of an adult educator (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Continuing, Adult and Vocational Education.
E4Project. (2007): Education for Employment Project. Teaching and Learning in Further and Higher Education. A Handbook by the Education for Employment Project.
Lawson,K. (2006): The Training Handbook. 2nd Edition. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.
Queensland University. (2012):Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Collaborative. Adult Learning Theory and Principles
Queensland University. (2012):Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Collaborative. Adult Learning Styles.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Self-Directing “As a person matures, he or she moves from dependency to self-directedness” (Knowles, 1984). Adult learners need instructors to give them explicit directions on what to do, how to do it, and when. Instructors are treated as experts who know what the adult learner needs to do, or they passively slide through the educational system, responding mainly to instructors who “make” them learn. When establishing a learner-centered learning environment, the instructor could have prepared a lively syllabus with time to discuss and any additional details the adult learners from a previous class could have left letters or notebooks for incoming adult learners.... [tags: personal experience, education process]
1062 words (3 pages)
- Theories in Social Work Theories can help explain why a problem is occurring and where the most effective intervention should take place. Theories can be obtained from research and from facts. According to Michael Tropeano “a theory is a statement backed by evidence gathered through the scientific method intended to explain something. Theoretical approaches for social work are often used to explain human behavior and serve as starting points for practice models and treatments.” Out of all the problems that Janice faces three of them stick out the most to me that I think would cause her to seek the services of a social worker.... [tags: Sociology, Social work, Theory, Scientific method]
968 words (2.8 pages)
- This assignment will evaluate how the organisation might apply the management theories. In addition, will explain how business interpreted data to inform their decision making and manage change in their organisation. Also, there will be discussion of how management theories help for Tesco to fulfil their purpose. Management theory In addition, each business manager who seeks to improve their skills and abilities to be related to the knowledge and the application of management theories. Management theories are realised to help increase organisational productivity and service quality, create the successful business model.... [tags: efficiency, productivity, motivation]
1684 words (4.8 pages)
- Why must social workers apply theory to their practice. A key component of Social Work is the use of specialist knowledge and skills that draw upon theories from multiple disciplines. The IFSW definition of social work highlights that social work is practiced “utilising theories of human behaviour and social systems” (International Federation of Social Workers, 2014). The National Occupational Standards for social work specifies that social workers must have a thorough understanding of theory this must underpin their practice (Care Council for Wales, 2016).... [tags: Sociology, Social work, Theory, Psychotherapy]
860 words (2.5 pages)
- Cherry, Kendra. (2013). Theories of Motivation: A closer look at some important theories of motivation. http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologytopics/tp/theories-of-motivation.htm The Incentive Theory of Motivation states that people do things, such as work because of the rewards that come with. For example, a child might help his grandmother clean in order to receive cookies. His motivation is the reward of the cookies. In the working world, people get rewarded by other rewards. Some of these rewards are salary, security, and health benefits.... [tags: Motivational Theories]
3360 words (9.6 pages)
- Follow Your Instincts According to Osho, in order to find one’s true self, one must ignore society. This can be applied in the life of Malcolm X as his true self reemerges when he is alone in prison. Although Malcolm X had difficulties in his life, nothing stopped him from following in what he believed was right. He did not let anyone push him around or tell him what to do. Even if he was to be thrown into a dark cell with no windows or light, Malcolm X was a true warrior that followed his instincts.... [tags: Malcolm X, Nation of Islam]
1303 words (3.7 pages)
- Chandra a forty-one-year-old Muslim woman, who has been married for almost 20 years. She has 3 children with her current husband Sumatt. They have 2 daughters and one son, their ages are 13, 16 and 18. Chandra has file for divorce due to her finally accepting who she really is. Chandra has come out to her family as a gay woman. Her husband is taken aback by her choice and finds himself angry at Chandra. Because Chandra is a Muslim, her family is not happy about her decision because of what a woman represents in the views of the family, but most importantly their belief system.... [tags: Marriage, Family, Sociological theories]
811 words (2.3 pages)
- There are many models and theories that shape the practice of social work and the ways in which professional social workers engage with their clients. Most of the models and theories that shape the practice are interchangeable and closely related or intertwined ideas but the oldest models like the Remedial Model, Reciprocal Model and the Social Goals models are the foundation for social work practice and the models and theories that govern it. In order to fully grasp the concepts of any of the resulting models and how to use any model in your practice, you as a practitioner must first master the definition and conceptional use of these models in practice.... [tags: Sociology, Social work]
1117 words (3.2 pages)
- 3. FEMINIST THEORIES OF WORK ( add some theories from the book, such as sexual theory) Workplaces are key sites for the reproduction of gender, race sexual orientation and social class inequalities and employers and coworkers whether consciously or not how play roles in keeping some groups insubordinate statuses and in superordinate ones. Choose one subordinated group print the CIE, women, racial ethnic minorities, Sexual minorities, or lower/working-class people") and describe the mechanisms in workplaces and the actions of employers and coworkers that perpetuate the groups subordinate status.... [tags: Gender, Employment, Feminism, Female]
1464 words (4.2 pages)
- Intro: Theories of Communications, is a course that allowed me to further gain a far better perspective and has also broadened my understanding and knowledge of some of the major theories. I appreciate the fact, that during the course of the semester, this class really did an admirable job introducing me to a variety of well known and widely studied theories in the communication feild. One of the biggest things I took out of this class, was how the class impled me to learn how to apply some of the theories to my life in a practical way through some of the class activities, readings, group work, presentations, and assignments.... [tags: Informative, Communication Theories]
2275 words (6.5 pages)
- Description of Great Characters from Great Plays
- What Held Societies and Social Groups Together
- Five Differents Types of Consumption
- Comparison of Characters and The Definition of a Hero
- Analysing Popular Music: Theory, Method and Practise
- What Drives Someone to Complete the Devastating Acts of Terrorism?