during the early Cold War?
The defeat of Germany and its satellites in the war radically changed the balance of forces in the world. The Soviet Union became one of the leading world powers, without which, should not have been resolved then no question of international life. And so, its features began to have impact on world relations and became clearer for foreign diplomats and observers.
However, during the war U.S. power grew more and more being in the war years, the international lender, the United States had the opportunity to expand its influence in other countries and peoples. The USA became the most powerful democratic state. So, the US pretended now to be the leader of democratic world. Its administration began a gradual withdrawal of the U.S. administration of wartime agreements.
So, the situation turned in such a way that imperialism of great powers, which rose before and after WWI was now replaced by the struggle of two great powers. The Soviet Union was influenced by different factors. The new situation itself forced it to change policy. But there were some very specific reasons in the previous years, which formed the conception of revolutionary-imperial paradigm and its specific influence on Soviet international policy in the beginning of the “cold war”.
The main reasons, forming this paradigm, were :
1) The pre-revolutionary history of Russia. For the Russians it was traditional view itself as a nation with a special mission. It started since the late Middle Ages. After the destruction of Byzantium, Russia was the only independent country with a dominant Orthodox faith. The religious factor has led to the fact that in spreading the true fait...
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...tions was still appropriate for Khrushchev as he received nuclear bomb into his hands. Khrushchev sincerely considered Western world to be the forces of evil. Even when the realities of new time changed and Khrushchev had to recognize them, still he believed in revolutionary-imperial paradigm.
Soviet foreign policy was based on an ideological confrontation with the West, embodied by the "world imperialism" and its ultimate goal was to contribute to its destruction, didn’t change, when Khrushchev came to power.
Thus, revolutionary imperial paradigm defined the policy of the Soviet Union. She forced him to look for opportunities to increase the influence of both by supporting the communist parties and the armed conflict. By itself, the paradigm has been influenced by Marxist ideology and personality of Stalin in Russian history and features of the post-war world.
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