How The Political Structure Within The Republic Of Rome Essay

How The Political Structure Within The Republic Of Rome Essay

Length: 939 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the years leading up to Augustus’ rule, Rome had fallen into a state of chaos. Civil war and corrupt leadership had driven the state into turmoil. While Augustus was seen by some as a tyrant who took many of the freedoms that Roman citizens enjoyed, these sacrifices were necessary to secure the safety and endurance of Rome herself. Despite the fact that Roman citizens lost some of their rights, many enjoyed new freedoms.
The Gracchi brothers are an example of how the political structure within the republic of Rome had become corrupt and dangerous. The Gracchi brothers were politically appealing to the masses, in 133 BCE Tiberius attempted to use his position as tribune to pass a land reform and in 123 BCE Gaius became tribune. Gaius Gracchus turned the tribune into an actual source of political power; he established juries to investigate cases of extortion, but excluded senators and allowed for the execution of any magistrate that ordered an execution without a proper trial. Gaius, like his older brother, was exceedingly popular and made the people of Rome feel involved. This terrified some of the older senators, they were afraid of losing their power to the people. This led to confrontations between Gaius and the consul Opimius, during their final confrontation one of Opimius’ heralds was killed. Opimius used this incident to attack Giaus and his co-tribune Flacchus. The tribunes and their supporters fled to high ground and Opimus ordered an attack, both of the tribunes died during the attack. (9-22/9-24)
The Roman republic was in a state of disorder, Marius, a new man, was elected consul six consecutive times from 107-100 BCE, in addition to this he was also elected consul while absent from the city. These actions show that...

... middle of paper ...

...o get his inheritance. Octavian succeeds and in 43 BCE marches on Rome with eight legions. He takes the city and uses the treasury to pay his soldiers for their service. Octavian restored peace to Rome, and attempted to keep the Republican framework within the political structure. (10-10)
Augustus came to power in 27 BCE and attempted to restore the Republic of Romehe held the consulship for four years and tribune for life. He gained territories in Spain, Syria and Egypt, and took the title of Princeps. He increased the number of officer positions within the army and pain pensions from his own finances. Under Augustus Rome was peaceful and thriving, however, to achieve this Augustus was forced to limit the power of the senate and the people. However, women of this time were more prominent within politics and social life, there were no civil wars and Rome was secure.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Revolution Of The Republic Essay

- At the inception of any empire, there is always upheaval and a degree of disrupting the “natural order.” Whether it is a revolution of the common people against the aristocracy or a dictator rising to take total control, reforming an entire system of government is neither smooth nor clean. However, when a politician sets out to change the government to their advantage, they will often masquerade as champions of the people to gain their trust and disable power amongst their competition. No one pulled this off better than Augustus Octavian, the first unofficial Roman Emperor and simultaneous icon of the Republic....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1191 words (3.4 pages)

The Roman Republic Is A Crucial Time Period Of Rome Essay

- The Roman Republic is a crucial time period of Rome. Destabilized by a few civil wars and problem within the political powers, the breech in the Roman system was mainly reinforce when Gaius Julius Caesar gained the total control of the Roman government. This successful and powerful general won many battles and that is what made him famous and respected. After starting the Gallic Wars, Caesar decided to invade the Isle of Britain in 55 and 54 BCE. At first even if it started because of the Britons’ intervention with the Gauls, the whole invasion holds much deeper reasons than what Caesar stated at first in his books....   [tags: Roman Empire, Julius Caesar, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1501 words (4.3 pages)

The Geography Of Rome, And Then Look At The City 's Position Essays

- Contrary to what many cities founding myths may state, few great cultures arise uncontested to a position of instant regional dominance, and in this regard Rome is no different. The transition from being a fairly insignificant settlement to being an empire begins with a struggle to assert authority on your neighbours, and this struggle gives us insight into why Rome treated it’s neighbours in the way it did. To answer the question, then, I want to begin with a look at the geography surrounding Rome, and then look at the city’s position in Latium history....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Rome]

Better Essays
781 words (2.2 pages)

The Women Of Rome During The Roman Era Essay

- There is some general information pertaining to the lives of women in Rome that we have come across through research and historical evidence. The women of Rome held a very important position in society, which was being the bearer of children. Women were often married at young ages, twelve being the legal age to be wed, and were responsible not only for the birth of the children, but also for raising them and teaching them the values of Roman culture. Unlike other societies at the time, Roman women were of great importance in the lives of their children....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1749 words (5 pages)

The Decline Of The Roman Republic Essay examples

- The Late Roman Republic had internal turmoil in 133 BC due to the economic stagnation in the urban area of Rome caused the Roman Republic’s government underwent a violent transition from an inefficient oligarchy to a reliable dictatorship government. Among varying issues that attribute to such a transition, political infighting and the rise of private army are the most responsible ones because it is the easiest way to capture a fortress is from within, which is fixed by Augustus by use his political reform and his military reform for the empire....   [tags: Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Ancient Rome]

Better Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Julius Caesar : The Political Process At Rome Essay

- Question 3 (g) whether Gaius Julius Caesar intended to transform the political process at Rome Alea iacta est e (let the die be cast) ; is an appropriate way to begin the journey of the life of as Gaius Julius Caesar (“Caesar”). Caesar one of the greatest men known in the Roman Republic, he brought Rome to its knees, some might say in worship of him others say in Civil war, but did he want peace and for the people of Rome to have a better life, or was it all about power for Caesar. It is submitted, that Caesar did want peace for the people and a united Rome, but alas, his undoing was that he ultimately wanted to hold all the power himself....   [tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Republic, Gaius Marius]

Better Essays
1034 words (3 pages)

The Fall Of The Republic Essay

- The Fall of the Republic was more than a single man, but Julius Caesar was definitely to blame for being a large part of the destruction of the Roman Republic. Caesar was responsible for the fall of the Republic for several reasons, the the civil war from which the Republic never really recovered in January of 49 BC, Caesar 's appointment as dictator for life in 44 BC, and bringing into power the many of the men who would be important in the next set of civil wars. What helped start the civil war was the death of Caesar 's daughter, Julia, in 54 BC....   [tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Republic, Augustus]

Better Essays
1305 words (3.7 pages)

How Carthage Became The Equal Of Rome Essay

- How Carthage became almost the equal of Rome Carthage was founded about 100years earlier than Rome and had very fertile lands and an excellent harbor. It grew economically and politically through trading Gold from Spain, Ivory, Linen, precious stones, and other valuable minerals from different states. They had a very large number of trading vessels to load these products and carry them from pot to pot. They also had a powerful navy of warships. Like the Roman empire the Carthagean empire acquired dominion over the native races of Africa, the Lydians and the Numidians....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1102 words (3.1 pages)

The Decline Of Rome And The Spread Of Christianity Essay

- The decline of Rome dovetailed with the spread of christianity. The Edict of Milan legalised christianity in 313, and it later became the state religion in 380. These decrees ended the century if of persecution, but they also eroded the traditional Roman values. Christianity displaced the polytheistic religion which viewed the Roman emperor as having divine status, and it also shifted focus away from the glory of the state onto a single deity. This also meant the popes and church elders took and increased role in political affairs, further complicating the government....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Emperor]

Better Essays
866 words (2.5 pages)

The Classical Mediterranean Civilization Of Greece And Rome Essay

- Michelle Izaguirre Evolution of Western Civilization September 23, 2014 The Classical Mediterranean civilization of Greece and Rome inspired the Western civilization through their politics, laws, philosophical teachings, and their ability to respond to environmental challenges. Our sense of debt to the Greco-Roman history and political achievements reverberated in later history. The Greek and Roman precedents undoubtedly influenced the framers of the American Constitution, as did philosophers like Socrates and Aristotle, who’ve influenced people to challenge the “accepted ways.” After the decline of the Greek city-states, Rome assumed leadership by preserving most of Greek achievements and...   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Rome]

Better Essays
1040 words (3 pages)