There were three plans for Reconstruction, Lincolns plan, Johnsons plan, and the radical Republican plan. Lincolns plan was known as the 10% plan. Lincoln offered pardon to any confederate who swore allegiance to the Union and the Constitution. When the number of people who took an oath of allegiance equaled 10% of the number of voters who participated in the election of 1860, the state would be readmitted to the Union after organizing a new state government which abolished slavery. Lincoln was assassinated before this plan could be put into effect. Johnsons plan was also lenient towards the South. He would grant pardons to anyone taking a loyalty oath to the United States. This excluded high ranking Confederate political and military leaders, as well as people owning property worth more than $20,000. States would be readmitted to the Union once they created a new state government that abolishes slavery, repealed the states ordinance of secession, and repudiated Confederate debts. This was put into effect when Congress was in recess. Johnsons plan did not really address the fortunes of newly freed slaves and southern states began to pass “black codes” or laws which severely limited the civil rights of a freedman. The Radical Republican plan wa...
... middle of paper ...
...truths to be self-evident, that all men are created EQUAL, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” The Jim Crow laws and black codes both contradicted this by limiting the basic civil rights of blacks, limiting and constricting how they live their lives. Overall, the failures of Reconstruction outweigh the successes. Even though there were some good impacts during reconstruction, many of the successes were immediately contradicted with another act or law. Many of the laws or acts passed attempted to give freed men a better life, however after the compromise of 1877, the South was able to treat blacks poorly and get away with it easier because the troops were withdrawn from the south. Reconstruction may have had some high points but it brought morale to an all-time low.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Events that Affected United States History after the Civil War Following the American Civil War (1861-1865) the United States Congress passed the trio Civil War amendments; the 13th Amendment (1865), the 14th Amendment (1868), and the 15th (1870) Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The 13th Amendment spearheaded by President Lincoln led to the abolishment of slavery, the 14th Amendment provided citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States (including freed slaves), and the 15th Amendment granted voting rights to African-American men.... [tags: abolishment of slavery, voting rights act]
943 words (2.7 pages)
- The American Civil War was one of the bloodiest war in US history, and it was fought between the Northern abolitionist states and Southern pro-slavery states. The Civil War began in 1861 and ended in 1865 with the North victory. There were many differences between north and south in politics, economy, and ideology, and the conflict had increased over the years leading to war. Historians agree that the causes of the Civil War were complex, but the root cause was slavery as it affected the United States politically, economically, and socially.... [tags: American Civil War, Slavery in the United States]
1032 words (2.9 pages)
- Throughout the years, many people have been taught that the reason the Civil War happened, was to abolish slavery all through the United States. Although that is true, there were more reasons why the Civil War occurred.Referencing will be done on different articles and writers to support the findings of the authors. The article “Slavery, the Constitutional, and the Origins of the Civil War” by Paul Finkelman, discusses about the North (union) and the South (confederacy) and the disagreement of the territories following the constitutional laws regarding slavery, the article explores both sides of the territories and their beliefs of how the situation of slavery should have been dealt with.... [tags: American Civil War, United States]
1066 words (3 pages)
- Introduction It is often said that one cannot understand the American history without understanding the Civil War. From April 15, 1861 to 1865 April, the United States was between the north and south of the war, also known as the American Civil war. Northern leaders are bourgeois war; combat forces are vast numbers of workers, peasants and black. In the south, insist the war is only plantation slave owners, their war aims to defend slavery, secession, a confederate, reflects the country from the establishment of the moment, have the right to choose their own life of freedom, and the purpose is to beat the north south, to restore national unity and the abolition of the slave system, so that t... [tags: American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln]
1175 words (3.4 pages)
- During the mid nineteenth century the United States started to part, yet at the center of the century individuals perspectives began to wind up more concrete thus detachment in the Union turned out to be more extreme. From 1850 to 1861 it was evident that the union was isolating into the North and the South. The Constitution assumed a noteworthy part in the division that was happening. Through sectional preference of bits and pieces of the Constitution and through thoughts that were let well enough alone, the Constitution prompted sectional dissension and nearly failure to the union.... [tags: Slavery in the United States, American Civil War]
758 words (2.2 pages)
- Dylan Morgan Dr. Gram History 121 2 December 2015 A Review of The Cause of All Nations The Cause of All Nations: An International History of the American Civil War,by Don H. Doyle, is a book about the international impact of the American Civil War, particularly in the Americas and Europe. Most people tend to think about the Civil War as a simple, compact American conflict that affected the United States and United States citizens alone. Many people today fail to realize the true breach the war caused in the total international landscape.... [tags: American Civil War, United States]
1152 words (3.3 pages)
- The lives that we live and the freedoms that we have today may be considered great for the majority of our population. This could be attributed to the history of the United States and the civil war. What would our country be like if the Confederacy won the war. How would our lives be impacted and what freedoms would we have today if that were the case. What if the major Union victories were actually Confederate victories. The following is just an idea of what potentially could have happened if this were the case.... [tags: Confederate States of America, American Civil War]
1565 words (4.5 pages)
- In the time of the Civil war, there were a lot of large scale propagandas, that is the only reason a country which had recently fought another war for its freedom, freedom was main the the society around this time, and most people fought for it. In 1819 to the 1820s the Civil War Disobeyed Civil rights of slaves. Civil Rights were applied or oriented rights and privileges. Civil rights include amendments like the freedom of speech, press, and assembly. It gives you the right to vote, but most of all you obtain freedom, freedom of involuntary servitude.... [tags: American Civil War, Slavery in the United States]
1075 words (3.1 pages)
- The American Civil War, for the most part, was an over glorified, under anticipated duel between two rival political parties as an excuse to incapacitate and, for all intensive purposes, mutilate each other for not sharing similar views on popular and controversial topics. The president, at the time, was Millard Fillmore of the Know Nothing Party, who was essential and significant to the forming of such a lengthy dispute. In December of the year previous to the events of 1854, the Gadsden Purchase was, for the most part, considered finalized, which is not very significant to the point I am trying to prove however it rounded out modern-day Arizona and New Mexico territories.... [tags: American Civil War, Slavery in the United States]
935 words (2.7 pages)
- ... The Confederates emerged victorious after the Unions looked like they held a considerable lead. 18. During the opening of the Battle for Bull Run, the North was shattering the lines of the Confederates, except for those of Stonewall Jackson who held strong and provided hope for the surrounding men. He was known as one of the greatest leaders of the Civil War. 19. The Peninsula Campaign was the first large-scale campaign in the Civil War led by George McClellan with the Army of the Potomac. It ended with the battle at Seven Pines in which McClellan lost most of his men.... [tags: The Civil War Essays]
2342 words (6.7 pages)