How Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower Tried to Stop Communism

How Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower Tried to Stop Communism

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As president, both Harry S. Truman (Democrat) and Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican) made it a top priority to contain the spread of communism. Both served for two terms in office. President Truman served as Vice-President for Roosevelt a mere eighty-two days when Roosevelt died making him the 33rd president. Truman demonstrated an aggressive and expensive methodology of dealing with Stalin and the Soviet Union. Eisenhower, conversely, concentrated his foreign policy more on promoting superior United States nuclear weapon technologies to deter Soviet expansion and the spread of communism. While Truman had to rely on appealing to the fear of Americans and Congress to gain approval for his costly policies, Eisenhower’s policies were relatively inexpensive and therefore he had no problems in gaining approval.
Truman, also known as “Give ‘em Hell Harry”, took the oath of office April 12, 1945 at the age of sixty. In the same year, he employed the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This subject continues to be discussed as many disapprove of the president’s decision as it resulted in heavy civilian casualties. Those who approve of the bombings commend the president for his decision and the fact that it brought about the unconditional surrender of Japan and saved countless American lives. Important legislature signed by Truman includes the United Nations Charter in 1945, the “Truman Doctrine “Appropriation in 1947, the North Atlantic Treaty of 1949, and the Mutual Security Act of 1951. Truman also ordered United States ground forces to the aid of South Korea in 1950 when they were invaded by the communist North Korean army. The United States Air Force and Navy were also issued orders of attack. This officially entered t...

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...r, Hawaii was admitted.
In comparing the two presidents, I find myself asking “Which was the best president?” I believe that both had important accomplishments during their terms in office. I think that in this situation, it is difficult to establish one as being better. They both had similar issues to contend with but they also had rather different issues. Truman, who was thrust into the presidency after Roosevelt’s death, did an exceptional job. He was not only faced with the post-war, post Great Depression economic recession, but also faced the issues of the Cold War. Eisenhower also had the problem of the Cold War but by his presidency, the economy was improving and continued to improve greatly through his economic policies. Often times I believe that the success of the country during one administration is put into motion by the prior administration’s policies

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