How People Develop and Learn: The Case of Neglected John Essay

How People Develop and Learn: The Case of Neglected John Essay

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John is three years and eight months old and has recently been placed with a foster family. The key reason for John being moved from his birth parents was due to a lack of progress in his care plan and concern over issues of neglect. This profile will focus on John’s need for positive attachments; his cognitive needs and will look at his self-esteem issues and overall need for self-worth. Reference will be made to John Bowlby’s attachment theory and the effects attachment has on behaviour. There will also be discussion on Jean Piaget’s pre-operational stage of cognitive development, which needs to be worked on in John’s case. Due to a lack of stimulus in his previous home his cognitive skills are not at the level they should be for his age and work should be done to meet these milestones. The third theorist that links to John’s needs is Roger’s humanistic theory, which studies the whole person. The humanistic theory looks at the human behaviours and what causes people to behave in such ways. This will link to John’s needs and how he is feeling with all the different changes he has encountered in life and the affects they may be having on his thoughts and behaviours. Other theorist’s work will be used to enhance or contrast with the theories already chosen, as well as suggesting strategies that may improve John’s life while he is with his foster family and for his future.
In John’s case there is signs that he hasn’t formed a strong bond/attachment with his birth parents and this may be down to the neglect he has been shown at home. The parents seem to have different ways for seeing John’s future and it seems to be his mother that would rather have John come back home. There are also clear signs that he has spent more time with hi...

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...rief overview of adult attachment theory and research. Retrieved April 28, 2014, from
Holmes, J. (1993). John Bowlby & Attachment Theory. London: Routledge.
Marcus, L. (1999). Sigmund Freud's the Interpretation of Dreams: New Interdisciplinary Essays. Manchester: University Press.
McLeod, S. (2007). Bowlby’s Attachment Theory. Retrieved April 20, 2014, from
Pennington, D. C. (1986). Essential Social Psychology. London: Eleventh Impression.
Robertson, J. & Bowlby, J. (1952). ‘Responses of young children to separation from their mothers. Courrier Centre International de l’Enfance, 2, 131-142.
Rutter, M. (1972). Maternal Deprivation Re-assessed. Harmondworth: Penguin Education.
Schaffer, R. H. (1996). Social Development. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

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