How Peer Relationship Has Changed Social Development Essay

How Peer Relationship Has Changed Social Development Essay

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Relationships along with the attachment with them, are influential in the social development of a person. Takahashi (2004) even stated that “when a person attaches to only one figure or attaches to everybody, he or she may be overly dependent on or easily influenced by others accordingly.” This illustrates that there is an amount of influence that goes in shaping social development through the influence of others. However, two forms of relationships hold this social development across the life span. Parental and peer relationship shape social development based on the level of attachment that is formed. Moreover, parental relationship is more influential during the first years of a child and peer relationship is found to be more influential during late adolescence through adulthood. I will be investigating research evidence of the styles of attachment as well as how peer relationship become a major form of social influence in later years of lifespan. In addition, how peer relationship later form into romantic relationships.
A main reason why relationships influence social develop is based on the attachments that the individual forms with a parent or a peer. John Bowlby defines attachments as “a strong affectional tie that binds a person to an intimate companion” (Bowlby 1969). This concept of attachment, that Bowlby considers illustrates the affection and love that one seeks in a companion. Keiko Takahashi (2004) suggests that when a person becomes attached to another, they are solely dependent on the other, as well as heavily influenced by them, which results in the individual to live as an autonomous adult. Mary Ainsworth and colleagues (1978) developed four styles of attachment through her strange situation procedure. Ainswort...


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... Megan Connell and Ellen Moss (2011) even state that “both maternal, and child characteristics as well as parenting behaviour predicted stability and change in the attachment relationship with the mothers.” Social identity is later strengthened by the friendships they make during childhood and adolescence. During early adulthood, young adults start thinking about romantic partners and as they grow older, their social network becomes smaller, allowing for close relationships to influence them. Overall, parental and peer relationships hold valuable influence during the lifespan of an individual, but it is the types of attachments formed that makes more of an impact on their social development. Thus, secure attachments are what enable individuals to be more confident have higher self-esteem, whereas avoidant attachment lead to more aggressive and insecure behaviours.

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