Oil is made from the remains of plants and animals that died millions of years ago. As time goes by, these remains are gradually buried deep underground, beneath layers of rock and under oceans and seas. When heat and pressure are applied, the carbon in the plant and animal remains changes into hydrocarbons, which is the main ingredient of crude oil. To find oil, scientists study rock samples from the earth in a particular area. Once a promising site has been found, a well is drilled and a pump is placed over it. Steam is forced down the well, which pushes the oil up into the first well. Once the oil is removed from the earth, it is transported to a refinery. Some research suggests people subjected to these chemical...
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