The intent of this paper is to inform readers of the positive impact hotspot policing and other forms of deterrence can have on crime. The paper will discuss prior research into hotspot policing and broken windows theories, tactics, and policies, and will conclude with a research consensus and advice for policy makers. The potential of deterrence policing, particularly hot spot policing should be on the radar of all those who influence the development and sustainment of public safety and criminal justice policy. This includes policy makers, politicians, lobbyist, activists, community leaders, and police leaders. Tragic deaths, from Ferguson, Missouri, to New York City have dominated recent media headlines with stories of police brutality, profiling, and outright racism. The need for mediation and understanding between communities and law enforcement has never been more necessary than it is now. Policy makers and influencers should see this exposure as an opportunity to move forward and make changes that can have a positive effect on this strained relationship. Citizens are relying on these influencers to pursue agendas and policies that will make their communities safer and the bond between citizens and law enforcement one characterized by mutual respect and trust.
Criminological theories that have developed over the course of the past few decades have brought about a shift in the responsibilities of law enforcement. Throughout time, policing has meant a number of things. In the time of the ancient Greeks, the term described the entire system of governance, and during the French Revolution, the police system was characterized by spies and suppression. The first professional police force in Lon...
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...terrence effects, but in this case, only so long as the patrol reached a “threshold dosage” of 10 minutes (Koper, 1995). And in Sacremento, California, the police department applied Koper’s research to their own hot spot policing experiment design by randomly rotating officers through crime hot spot areas for periods of 15 minutes. The Sacramento Police Department’s experiment revealed support for Koper’s conclusions, as call for assistance were significantly decreased in the areas treated with hot spots policing (Telep & Weisburd, 2012). Across the field of research, communities and law enforcement have seen hot spot policing have, at the very least, a small but significant impact on the levels of crime in the treated areas. This success, however, does not come without some questions surrounding the possible negative side effects of hot spot focused policing.
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