Rodney’s argument is broken down into six chapters each consisting of several subdivisions and case studies supporting his principle argument. The first chapter works towards defining the terms of development and underdevelopment and argues the comparative nature of these terms; a country is only ‘underdeveloped’ by European standards. This chapter begins by tracing European development from its early stages of communalism through feudalism and finally capitalism. Then, he works towards developing an understanding of the term ‘underdevelopment’ and through an analysis of a variety of development indices what it constitutes in present day society: “In Niger, one doctor must do for 56, 140 people; in Tunisia one doctor for every 8,320 Tunisians”(18). The Marxist concept of inherent inequalities within the international capitalist system un...
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...ions both in the past and the present and is one of the best explanations of present day African underdevelopment, showing the importance of a historical approach to understanding current affairs.
Rodney, Walter. 2011. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Baltimore: Black Classic Press.
Adas, Michael. 1989. “Africa: Primitive Tools and the Savage Mind” In Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology and Ideologies of Western Dominance, from Historical Problems of Imperial Africa. Edited by Robert O. Collins and James M. Burns, 30-39. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers.
Aviles, Luis A. Ideology: A Marxist Perspective. Accessed March 17. http://academic.uprm.edu/~laviles/id219.htm
Peuple Sawa. 2007. “Literatur How Europe Underdeveloped Africa 1973.” Accessed March 17. http://www.peuplesawa.com/fr/bnlogik.php?bnid=377&bnk=24&bnrub=1
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