How Does the Presence of a Confucian Culture Affect the Operation of Democracy?

How Does the Presence of a Confucian Culture Affect the Operation of Democracy?

Length: 1084 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 1979 the third word-wide wave of democratization was due to the overthrow of Portuagese dictatorship in Europe which spread to Asia during the 1980s. The third word-wide wave of democratization did not however affect the undemocratic East Asian countries as they challenged the notion of demoratization and avocated “Asian Values”. Asian values refers to the strong traditional cultural values such as Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism which co-exists in East Asian societies. The purpose of this essay is to explore Confucian culture and how it may affect the operation of democracy in East Asia.

Confucianism is tradition of political and social thought named after the scholar Kongzi (Confucius 551-479 B.C), it is still widely practiced/ seen in social, legal, theological, ethical and political thought. Kongzi was born into low aristocracy and held an administrative government post. He was a social and political critic throughout his life as a public administrator and teacher to future political advisors. His teachings were focused on how to live one's life in accordance with traditional virtues of ; hummaneness (ren), ritual propriety (li), righteousness (yi) and wisdom (zhi). According to Kongzi the key to social and political stability is the virtue of ren which means “the overarching virtue of being a perfected human being”. Everyone is capable of achieving ren although only a gentleman properly educated in ritual propriety (li), righteousness (yi), right action (xin), and revengance (jing) will be a superior man and able to rule in accordance. consistant with ren. Tu Wei-ming a scholar of Confucianism categorizes confucian thoughts into "political Confucianism," and "Confucian personal ethic". Political confuncianism consists...

... middle of paper ...

...of Singapore
8.First proposed by Seymour Martin Lipset (1959), “Some Social Pre-requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy,” American Political Science Review 53.1: 69-105
9.Ibid., p.226. Wang‟s study adopts the “human development perspective of democratization” proposed by Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel, Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: the Human
Development Sequence (New York: Cambridge University Press)
10.Ibid., pp.270-80.
11.Liang Musheng 梁木生 (2004), Theory of Democratization in Steps (Tidu minzhu lun 梯度民主论)
(Singapore: Hope Publishing House), pp. 48-56.
12.Tianjian Shi (2008), “China: Democratic Values Supporting an Authoritarian System,” in Yun-han Chu, Larry Diamond, Andrew Nathan, and Doh Chull Shin (eds.), How East Asians View Democracy (New
York: Columbia University Press), 209-237, pp. 235.
13.Ibid., p.82

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cognitive Socialization : Confucian Heritage Cultures By David Ho, The Idea Of Confucian Culture

- In Cognitive Socialization in Confucian Heritage Cultures by David Ho, the idea of Confucian is introduced as a culture that places high value on educational achievement (Ho, 285). Based on Ho’s article, the individuals within this social group are not only raised to live up to these standards but are expected to strongly encourage Confucianism throughout further generations. Being that this practice is very common and highly influential, Asian Pacific American (APA) students with Confucian cultural background may face dilemmas in classrooms that are structured in a Euro-centric way....   [tags: Confucianism, Han Dynasty, Mencius, Xiao Jing]

Strong Essays
737 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Social Presence and Modes of Communication

- We will first discuss the concept of social presence and its relationship to modes of communication. Following we will discuss the literature examining the use of video feedback to establish instructor social presence. Social Presence and Modes of Communication Historically, social presence has been closely related to the mode of communication used. Short, Williams, and Christie (1976) originally defined social presence as “the degree of salience of the other person” in mediated communication (p....   [tags: video feedback, immediacy, social presence]

Strong Essays
1223 words (3.5 pages)

Does Technology Affects Culture or Does Culture Affect Technology? Essay

- Culture is the unique set of beliefs, behaviors, and way of life of a group of people. Our culture, according to many, is undergoing a steady increase in the culture gap, and for the most part, their main target when seeking whom to blame is technology. Our culture drives us to pursue success and pleasure, complete tasks efficiently, and contemplate how to improve the lives of the generations to come and ourselves. These elements of our culture, these demands, the majority, are fulfilled by technology....   [tags: Culture ]

Strong Essays
964 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about American Presence on German Culture

- ... They offered resources to remilitarize West Germany while maintaining an already significant presence, while introducing West Germany as the Federal Republic of West Germany. Russia created, signed, and enacted The Warsaw Pact after deeming the actions of the Allied Forces an act of aggression. The treaty stated that if any country falling under its protection were to come under attack by opposing forces, the additional countries bound by the treaty would lend defense in their aid. The Treaty encompassed the Soviet Union, Hungary, Poland, Albania, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and East Germany....   [tags: post WWII reconstruction, West Germany]

Strong Essays
1881 words (5.4 pages)

Essay Popular Culture Affect Gender and Sexuality

- Gender is a sociological factor which is a set of relationships, attributes, roles, beliefs and attitudes of human. On the other hand, sexuality can be referred into two traits. First is Biological; second is Physiological. Biological trait is about the difference of sex organs, the production of estrogen or testosterone. Physiological trait is about the difference of facial features, size of bones, shoulders, muscles, fatty issues. According to American Psychological Association, gender and sexuality impacts and is impacted by cultural, political, legal, and philosophical aspects of life....   [tags: media, communications, popular culture]

Strong Essays
1374 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Affects of Popular Culture on Today's Generation

- People today blame popular culture for the “corrupting” of today’s generation. Many Americans do not think of the other factors that go into popular culture. There are in fact many factors that go into the things such as teen pregnancy, education failure, and violence of today’s youth. Factors such as money, home life, and enviorment. Not only do Americans feel popular culture is to blame, but also feels popular culture is having its affect too soon. Before being able to discuss the effects popular culture has on children, what exactly is “childhood?” With the ongoing debate of abortion many people do not agree on when a child’s life beings....   [tags: Culture]

Strong Essays
2008 words (5.7 pages)

How Much Does Culture Affect Us? Essay

- How Much Does Culture Affect Us. Writer Tariq Ramadan once said, “Cultures are never merely intellectual constructs. They take form through the collective intelligence and memory, through a commonly held psychology and emotions, through spiritual and artistic communion.” This quote makes a valid point: culture has a major influence our opinions, art, and mind. Where we come from, where we live, who we’re around, and the values of the world around us shape who we are. In the stories Everyday Use, Two Ways to Belong in America, and Ethnic Hash, the idea of the influence of culture, whether it’s ours or someone else’s, is presented....   [tags: Culture, Family, The Culture, Indigenous peoples]

Strong Essays
773 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Cultural Diversity And Its Presence Among Us

- As we have gone through this course the themes of what can define cultural diversity had continued to make its presence among us. Before we can define what multi-culturalism is we have to first start with what culture is in itself. During our time of taking this course, these themes, such as social organizations, traditions, languages, religions, and styles of government, have all been a part of what culture is as a whole. In this manner culture is able to encompass all of the themes listed prior, leading up to what multi-culturalism is: the practice or idea that someone or somewhere contains the basic yet continuous understandings and necessities of the knowledge, influence, and acceptance...   [tags: Education, Culture, School, Sociology of culture]

Strong Essays
1042 words (3 pages)

The Impact Of Culture On A Professional Practice And How It Will Affect Patients And Their Needs

- This assignment is going to look at the impact of culture in a professional practice and how it will affect patients and their needs in nursing. ‘Culture’ refers to the ways in which people in a given society live together and how they communicate with each other (Hendry,2008). The aspects of culture this assignment will look at is religion, language and gender and how nurses develop cultural competency and cultural sensitivity towards their patients. Culture is a set of beliefs, values and attitudes that a person inherits from a society or a group that they are in and they learn how to view the world and how to behave, these principles can then be passed down from generation to generation s...   [tags: The Culture, Culture]

Strong Essays
1118 words (3.2 pages)

Africanist Presence in American Culture Essay

- In 1960, the American sociologist Paul Goodman published his seminal work, Growing Up Absurd: Problems of Youth in the Organized Society. Having observed that, since World War II, there had been an increasing rise in juvenile delinquency – especially amongst white, middle-class, educated males – Goodman set out to study both the source and forms of delinquency. Simply put, he wanted to understand why and how young men were rebelling not just from the previous generation but from society as a whole....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
549 words (1.6 pages)