Class discussion – Today in class, we discussed the conclusion of World War I. Beginning with Germany, in the winter of 1918, Germany suffered a famine at the Homefront. All the food that was being produced was sent to the troops fighting on the battlefield, while those at home were ignored. The “Turnip Winter” involved the rationing of turnips and only turnips! Families were provided with around 6 pounds of turnips per week, this led to the death of quite a number of people from malnutrition. Factory workers began to strike this raised, however the icing on the cake occurred in 1918, when Kiel’s navy fleet refused to leave the port. Germany’s coast line is very miniscule compared to Britain and France’s, therefore it was much easier for them to prevent the Germany navy from having an effective role in the war. The sailors formed a sailors counsel and demanded an end to the war. The workers strike and sailor’s counsels eventually led to the withdrawal of Germany from World War I, which was in effect when the Treaty of Versailles was signed, November 11th. Moving on to Russia, the Russians had a similar story. There were two different revolts/revolutions, the February and October Revolutions. In the February Revolution, the Russians created a Russian Republic. They declared a Constitutional Monarchy and put reforms in place. However, the Government kept Russia in the War. Several months later the second revolution began, the October Revolution (It is the October Revolution if you consider the Russian’s outdated calendar, it happened it November on our calendar). Growing civil unres...
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...isonous gases, and the most disturbing, the constant fear of being shelled. In response to Owen’s final line, “Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro patria mori,” (Stanza 4, 11-12) I believe is used as irony by Owen. This war and the way these men are dying is not “sweet” and “fitting,” especially considering how the government did not define their objective thoroughly. Owen’s experience forces the reader to consider how humane this war truly was, either the soldiers die in their nightmares or they live on with their minds forever haunted with their experiences from the war. The irony of one dying for their country in this manner is not “glorious” it is depressing and life-changing. Owen’s effective usage of imagery and irony really enhanced my understanding on how modernization is critical in many areas of everyday life, but we forget about the negatives that come along with it.
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