How Did Radical Republicans Gain Control Of Reconstruction Politics? Essay

How Did Radical Republicans Gain Control Of Reconstruction Politics? Essay

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How did Radical Republicans gain control of Reconstruction politics?

After the American Civil War ended, the US had to confront the challenging task of re-establishing a functioning government in a country that had been split into two. Reintegrating the formerly rebellious confederates of the south back into the system proved to be very complex. The Radical Republicans in Congress, who were deeply against the institution of slavery, felt that they had the most well rounded plan to readmission ex-confederates in a way that insured that no southerners would gain political power. They believed that Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction was too passive towards the confederacy and believed that the Union should pace out the readmission of Confederate States. It wasn’t until Andrew Johnson’s presidency that the Radicals finally stepped up to the plate. Although the Moderate Republican bloc had contrasting beliefs on how the government should reintegrate the south (originally supported Lincoln’s 10% plan), most eventually drifted to join the Radicals in order to claim the 2/3 majority, which would allow them to overcome a presidential veto. This was a major turning point because it gave them the power to undermine Andrew Johnson’s unethical beliefs and presented the freedmen a helping hand. In April of 1866, congress overrode Johnson’s veto on the Civil Rights Act and gave black US citizens their rights. This was the first of many laws that were passed over Johnson’s vetoes. The radicals retained a firm grip on governmental power throughout the 1860s and played crucial role in reconstruction efforts.


What impact did federal Reconstruction policy have on the former Confederacy, and on ex-confederates?

Reestablishing t...


... middle of paper ...


...lly supported Lincoln’s 10% plan), most eventually drifted to join the Radicals in order to claim the 2/3 majority, which would allow them to overcome a presidential veto. This was a major turning point because it gave them the power to undermine Andrew Johnson’s unethical beliefs and presented the freedmen a helping hand. In April of 1866, congress overrode Johnson’s veto on the Civil Rights Act and gave black US citizens their rights. This was the first of many laws that were passed over Johnson’s vetoes. The radicals retained a firm grip on governmental power and played crucial role in reconstruction efforts. They had an ableistic attitude, which allowed them to rise to power so quickly.

Reconstruction Amendments (13th, 14th and 15th)
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Ku Klux Klan
Panic of 1873
Election of 1876
Compromise of 1877
Sharecropping
Carpetbaggers & Scalawags

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