After the American Civil War ended, the US had to confront the challenging task of re-establishing a functioning government in a country that had been split into two. Reintegrating the formerly rebellious confederates of the south back into the system proved to be very complex. The Radical Republicans in Congress, who were deeply against the institution of slavery, felt that they had the most well rounded plan to readmission ex-confederates in a way that insured that no southerners would gain political power. They believed that Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction was too passive towards the confederacy and believed that the Union should pace out the readmission of Confederate States. It wasn’t until Andrew Johnson’s presidency that the Radicals finally stepped up to the plate. Although the Moderate Republican bloc had contrasting beliefs on how the government should reintegrate the south (originally supported Lincoln’s 10% plan), most eventually drifted to join the Radicals in order to claim the 2/3 majority, which would allow them to overcome a presidential veto. This was a major turning point because it gave them the power to undermine Andrew Johnson’s unethical beliefs and presented the freedmen a helping hand. In April of 1866, congress overrode Johnson’s veto on the Civil Rights Act and gave black US citizens their rights. This was the first of many laws that were passed over Johnson’s vetoes. The radicals retained a firm grip on governmental power throughout the 1860s and played crucial role in reconstruction efforts.
What impact did federal Reconstruction policy have on the former Confederacy, and on ex-confederates?
... middle of paper ...
...lly supported Lincoln’s 10% plan), most eventually drifted to join the Radicals in order to claim the 2/3 majority, which would allow them to overcome a presidential veto. This was a major turning point because it gave them the power to undermine Andrew Johnson’s unethical beliefs and presented the freedmen a helping hand. In April of 1866, congress overrode Johnson’s veto on the Civil Rights Act and gave black US citizens their rights. This was the first of many laws that were passed over Johnson’s vetoes. The radicals retained a firm grip on governmental power and played crucial role in reconstruction efforts. They had an ableistic attitude, which allowed them to rise to power so quickly.
Reconstruction Amendments (13th, 14th and 15th)
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Ku Klux Klan
Panic of 1873
Election of 1876
Compromise of 1877
Carpetbaggers & Scalawags
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The reconstruction of the Union began under President Lincoln before the end of the war, and carried on by President Johnson after the assassination of President Lincoln. After Lincoln’s death, the leadership of the nation bestowed upon Andrew Johnson of Tennessee. According to A. Brinkley (pg. 375), Johnson revealed his plan for reconstruction or “Restoration”, as he preferred to call it, soon after he took office and implemented it during the summer of 1865 when Congress was in recess. Like Lincoln, he offered some form of amnesty to Southerners who would take a pledge of loyalty to the Union.... [tags: Reconstruction Era]
2101 words (6 pages)
- J’Taiya Carr 1/25/15 Chapter 17 REFLECTION PAPER 1 Almost 100 years after fighting to be our own country, America fought itself to stay a country and the aftermath was anything but peaceful. I am not surprised this happened since America has shown it will fight for what it believes in and the freedom they believe they deserve. The era of reconstruction lasted from 1865 to 1877, consisting of the government fighting to fix the country so America could rise from the ashes and become a great nation again.... [tags: Reconstruction era of the United States]
1263 words (3.6 pages)
- After Lincoln’s death and the slow rise of the Democratic South, Reconstruction in America led to a set back in the civil rights of minorities - especially African Americans - in America. This was a time of “great pain and endless questions,” according to the article ¨Reconstruction” from Ushistory.org, that groups of all different backgrounds believed they had the answer to. Reconstruction started in 1865 with the end of the Civil War, and ended in 1877 with the withdrawal of Union troops from the South.... [tags: Reconstruction era of the United States]
1229 words (3.5 pages)
- The United States first enters Reconstruction in 1865 after the Civil War. During the first Reconstruction of 1865, the country begins to rebuild its infrastructure. However after conducting research and creating various works, historians see the impact of the “Second Reconstruction.” Historians relate events of the first reconstruction with those of the second in order to identify the Second Reconstruction properly. Reconstruction historiography was explored by William A. Dunning and Claude G. Bowers.... [tags: Reconstruction era of the United States]
1260 words (3.6 pages)
- 1. The Conservatives insisted that the South accept the abolition of slavery, however they proposed few other conditions for the readmission of seceded states. Led by Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania and Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, the Radicals on the other hand urged that the military and civil leaders of the Confederacy be punished. Also that large numbers of Southern whites be disenfranchised as well as the legal rights of former slaves are protected. The Northern Radicals were much harsher towards the South than the Conservatives, especially after hearing Lincoln’s 10% plan.... [tags: racism, slavery, politics]
567 words (1.6 pages)
- Reconstruction was a period of time that took place directly after the Civil War when the Confederacy was ruled by the Union government and military. Reconstruction is sometimes seen as a good thing because it did help out the newly freed African Americans, and the recently deprived white Southerners. However, it also created tension and resentment between Southerners and Northerners, as well as between the whites and the blacks, and, when the Reconstruction was over and the whites were back in office, they saw blacks as the enemy, and they took out the anger and injustice they felt they had received on the blacks.... [tags: essays research papers]
494 words (1.4 pages)
- American Reconstruction period is a stage of readjustment in which the whole country life turned from a state of war to the normal life. The Civil War was ended, but Americans had to confront many difficult questions such as how Reconstruction should be carried out over the differences. American in the Gilded Age: From the Death of Lincoln to the Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Sean Deneis Cashman, this book argued many debates would be considered, how this war-torn nation could be reunited together, what rights the freed African-Americans would be granted.... [tags: Readjustment, American History]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Reconstruction and Industrialization After the Civil War, the nation witnessed two major social-economic movements: Reconstruction and Industrialization, which changed the country completely and made it one of the greatest industrialized countries in the world. However, it changed not only the country, but also, the society, its way of life and traditions. The effort to rebuild the southern states and restore the Union was known as Reconstruction, a period that lasted from 1865 to 1877. Several different plans for Reconstruction emerged during and after the war.... [tags: Papers]
1265 words (3.6 pages)
- Reconstruction took place after the end of the civil war. The reason for reconstruction was to put the union back together and free the slaves once and for all. Reconstruction took three eras to be completed. The first was Lincoln, the second Andrew Johnson, and the third was the Congressional “hard plan.” The Lincoln era lasted from 1863-1865. On December of 1863 the decree of “soft plan” was introduced. The “soft plan” included amnesty for the southerners that took the loyalty oath. It also said a state would gain readmission into the union if ten percent of the state’s population took the oath and agreed to emancipation.... [tags: essays research papers]
934 words (2.7 pages)
- Reconstruction was the time between 1863 and 1877 when the U.S. focused on abolishing slavery, destroying the Confederacy, and reconstructing the nation and the Constitution and is also the general history of the post-Civil War era in the U.S. between 1865 and 1877. Under Abraham Lincoln, presidential reconstruction began in each state as soon as federal troops controlled most of the state. The usual ending date is 1877, when the Compromise of 1877 saw the collapse of the last Republican state governments in the South Reconstruction opened many doors for its newly freed African American citizens.... [tags: American History]
910 words (2.6 pages)