How Corruption Has Changed Over The Years Essay

How Corruption Has Changed Over The Years Essay

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The one thing that has changed over the years with regard to corruption in Afghanistan is people perception about the causes of corruption in Afghanistan. “Five years ago, in one of the first surveys on corruption, most people stated that corruption existed because civil servants were not paid enough. This was the argument Afghans commonly used to rationalize why they had to pay bribes in exchange for specific public services, such as obtaining a vehicle registration document, a passport, or a driver’s license. The low-income level of civil servants was the underlying justification. This was a rationalization popular with government officials as well, even at the highest levels of government. It was as if poverty forced people to commit corruption. The fallacy in this logic, of course, is that it implies that the well-off are not as corrupt as the poor. Moreover, few questioned why corruption was not that high in other periods of Afghan history when poverty was more extreme and Afghanistan was not receiving billions of dollars in international aid. Since the study of five years ago, public perceptions of corruption have changed. While the poverty of civil servants is still perceived as one driver of corruption, corruption now is also attributed to the lack of sanctions, weak government control, and the absence of law enforcement. The Asia Foundation 2011 survey shows that respondents consider corruption as the biggest cause of crime after unemployment.” (Torabi, 2012) Survey also shows that 55% of the respondents believe that corruption has increased in all over Afghanistan in 2011. However the percentage was 53% in 2010 and 54% in 2009. This figure indicates that the perception of people about corruption in Afghanistan has remain...


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...urvey by UNODC (2012), 50.1% of respondents paid bribe, which represent a significant decrease on the rate of 58.6% in 2009. However this means that half of the adult Afghans are still exposed to bribery while dealing with public officials. Moreover, while the prevalence of bribery rate has decreased since 2009, the survey shows that the frequency of paying bribe has increased in the same period. In 2009, the bribe payers paid an average of 4.7 bribes to public officials during 12 months (Bisogno, 2010), while they paid an average of 5.6 in 2012. (UNODC, 2012)




The concept of escaping responsibility during the working hour is also one of the other forms of corruption in the public sector. Showing up late to the work and leaving early is common in public offices. Also, taking more time during the breaks i.e. lunch and prayer is obvious in the government offices.

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