How Conscientiousness And Its Sub Factors Affect Personality Psychology Based On Scholarly Literature And Scientific Research

How Conscientiousness And Its Sub Factors Affect Personality Psychology Based On Scholarly Literature And Scientific Research

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Numerous studies have been conducted on each factor and their subsets within the Five Factor Model; however, most studies have focused on extraversion, neuroticism, and their contributions to understanding an aspect of personality due to the ease in which each factor can be observed. The study of the Five Factor Model personality trait, conscientiousness, and its sub factors began to gain recognition as a meaningful and practical personality trait in the 1990s, and have been extensively studied and will continue to be studied throughout the twenty-first century. This paper examines how conscientiousness and its sub factors affect personality psychology based on scholarly literature and scientific research that thoroughly explains the role conscientiousness functions as within personality.
General Information
Conscientiousness, at a moderate level, is defined as an individual who has a penchant to be responsible and reliable (R. Hampson, 2000). This individual is also has proneness to pay great attention to detail and shows persistence and discipline regarding work that could lead to high achievement (D. Barone, M. Hersen, V. Hasselt, 1998; R. Hoyle, 2010; M. Mikulincer, P. Shaver, 2014). Efficiency of time use and orderliness are independent variables that tend to correlate specifically with the need for high achievement as well as the use of self-discipline, self-efficacy and constraint of irresponsible actions (D. Mroczek, T. Little, A. Lang, 2006; M. Mikulincer et al., 2014). Although the majority of psychologists within these references use synonymous or duplicate terms to create an adjective-based definition for conscientiousness, J. Hogan and D. Ones (as cited in R. Hogan, J. Johnson, S. Briggs, 1997, p. 849) conclude...

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...h rash thinking and impulsive actions (e.g. ., walking alone at night, cheating on an exam, drinking and driving). This type of behavior can lead to “maladaptive drug use” and other risky behaviors such as risky sexual behavior and smoking (M. Mikulincer et al., 2014). Lack of planning is defined as a lack of precaution or forethought and does not refer to anything caused by intense emotions or sensation seeking. Additionally, G. Smith, S. Fisher, M. Cynders, A. Annus, N. Spillane and D. McCarthy (as cited in M. Mikulincer et al., 2014, p. 334) lack of perseverance refers to the “inability to remain focused on a task” and may be related to impaired school or occupational functioning. Also, low conscientiousness has been linked to peer-victimization and rejection due to poor self control (i.e. externalizing and attention difficulties) (M. Mikulincer et al., 2014).

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