How Cognition Is Responsible For The Selection Of Goal Directed Behaviors

How Cognition Is Responsible For The Selection Of Goal Directed Behaviors

Length: 1676 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction
Cognition can be a thought of as an umbrella term that consists of a wide array of higher executive function. Higher executive function, is not an anatomical structure of the brain, but made up of a collaboration of areas within the prefrontal cortex (3). Cognition is responsible for but not limited to; adjustment in perceptual selection, response biasing, and the online maintenance of contextual information (1). When looking at cognition in a functional manner, it is responsible for the selection of goal directed behaviors, which occurs through the complex interaction between perception, memory, and action (1). Cognition has been further broken down into three main classifications; inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility (1). Diamond et al. has defined these categories as follows; Cognitive inhibition is referred to as one’s ability to maintain focus by ignoring distractions (1). Working memory is one’s ability to hold actively information and manipulate it (1). Cognitive flexibility is defined as one’s aptitude to alter perspectives, attention, or response mapping (1).
Cognitive function is a highly adaptive physiological process that can be altered by various changes within the body. As discussed in much of the literature, cognition is greatly changed in response to the change in cerebral hemodynamics. During the normal physiological aging process, there tends to be a progressive decrease in cerebral blood, which has been linked to poor cognitive function (2). Furthermore, with a transient increase in cerebral blood flow, more specifically the internal carotid artery and the middle cerebral artery there is positive effect in cognitive function (2). Despite the extensive research done in the...


... middle of paper ...


...efrontal activation and improves cognitive performance with Stroop test
7. Effects of acute bouts of exercise on cognition Phillip D. Tomporowski *
8. Neurophysiolgiy benefits of stationary bike exercise and cybercycle exergame for older adult w/ diabetes
9. Enhancing Cognition with Video Games: A Multiple Game Training Study
10. Brain Training Game Boosts Executive Functions, Working Memory and Processing Speed in the Young Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
11. Exergaming and Older Adult Cognition
12. A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial
13. Positive Effects of Acute and Moderate Physical Exercise on Cognitive Function
14. Effects of Interactive Physical-Activity Video-Game Training on Physical and Cognitive Function in Older Adults
15. Effects of Acute Physical Exercise on Executive Functions:
A Comparison Between Aerobic and Strength Exercise





Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The On Aeronautical Decision Making

- Pilots generally do not think about the model of decision-making they wish to follow when they are at the controls. They instead worry about key items that have a direct correlation to the safety of those onboard and the safety of the aircraft. In this article, O’Hare is concerned that a lot of effort has been put into educating and training pilots to make the right decision, but very little or none has been put towards aeronautical decision-making (ADM). This stems from the fact that as an aviation community we do not fully understand the ADM process, though we comprehend quite well the “prescriptive models of ADM” and can effectively train to them (O’Hare, 1992, p....   [tags: Decision making, Cognition, Risk]

Strong Essays
1083 words (3.1 pages)

The Theory Of Training Human Cognition Essay

- In Republic, Plato applies his account on the structure of training human cognition to understand justice and further process the personal development through discussion; to counsel towards improved political circumstances. He establishes the ideology that intellectual pursuits are staged based on age and knowledge, therefore clarifying, he describes how justice can only be obtained by the individuals who have conceived and developed their ability to the fullest. According to Plato, the ultimate goal in all of education is the form of good, which particularly means perfect goodness in all forms; thus good is beyond being....   [tags: Soul, Mind, Cognition, Perception]

Strong Essays
1196 words (3.4 pages)

Creativity Cognition And Creative Cognition Essay

- The basis of cognitive creativity has been a subject of discussion for many years. Scholars have been arguing on whether creativity cognition is based on expertise and experience or internally developed insight. Whether creative cognition is based on expertise or insight will remain an issue of discussion until when psychologist will develop a common understanding on the issue. Never the less, their remains evidence that creative cognition is more based on expertise that insight. Human being in the course of interacting with their environment has ended up developing creative cognition about various aspects of life....   [tags: Mind, Thought, Cognition, Psychology]

Strong Essays
1023 words (2.9 pages)

The Fundamental Principles Of Human Cognition Essay

- Human behavior is a very vast and complex topic as every individual is different from one another. Before one can work to understand individual behavior and personalities the basic principles of human cognition must be well understood. Cognition is the thought process in humans that describes how the information we constantly acquire is transformed, stored and used as knowledge in future decision making. Pretty much every mental process that a human can experience is cognition of some form and must be processed by the brain and then acted upon whether consciously or unconsciously....   [tags: Psychology, Cognition, Mind, Cognitive science]

Strong Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Goal Directed Nursing: A Personal Framework

- After graduating from nursing school with my associate degree, I began working as an emergency room nurse in a level one trauma center in East Texas. It has been 19 years now and I continue to work in emergency care. I now work in a smaller, yet still very busy emergency room. In the past, I have worked in many capacities, and now I am a staff nurse and work a peak hours shift, therefore I am busy the entire 12 hour shift, which I thoroughly enjoy. I precept new employees and students, and I am an instructor for TNCC....   [tags: phenomenology, interactions, communication]

Strong Essays
1418 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Interpersonal Skills As Goal Directed Behaviors

- Interpersonal skills as goal directed behaviors used in day to day to communicate and interact with other people both individually as well as groups. Interpersonal skills are inherently relational and process oriented. In addition it will focus on the effect of communication on another person (Duffy & Gordon, 2004, pp.495-507). Inter personal skills can be used to help individuals to critically assess the effectiveness of their social skills or people skills or social competence at every level. Skills cannot be learnt solely from reading a book....   [tags: Communication, Nonverbal communication, Leadership]

Strong Essays
1955 words (5.6 pages)

The Neural Correlates Of Allocation Of Attention And Goal Directed Eye Movements

- Research Statement Dr. Mir Pour’s research is focused on the neural correlates of allocation of attention and goal directed eye movements in the brain. Eye movements are our most efficient tool in exploring and interacting with the environment around us. They bring the most important events of the visual scene to the fovea for enhanced processing. This can be interpreted as a form of visual attention. One of the areas that contribute to the guidance of the allocation of attention is the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) of posterior parietal cortex of the brain....   [tags: Brain, Human brain, Neuron, Nervous system]

Strong Essays
1872 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Natural Selection Acts On Organisms ( Millstein )

- Millstein, a scientists experimenting with species of beetles, argued that each of these positions could be right in one way, but wrong in another in that natural selection takes place at the level of populations, but it is a causal process when done this way (2006). Arguments between scientists are often if natural selection acts on a population level or an individual level (Millstein, 2006). Dealing with this issue of levels, the difference between the two arguments can be shown by an example of a person believing, in terms of the levels of selection, that selection acts on organisms (Millstein, 2006)....   [tags: Evolution, Natural selection, Kin selection]

Strong Essays
1393 words (4 pages)

Situated Cognition Essay

- Situated cognition is “the notion of learning knowledge and skills in contexts that reflect the way they will be used in real life” (Brown, Collins, & Duguid, 1989). A close relative of cognitive apprenticeship and constructivism, this concept encourages educators to construct an environment that mimics as closely as possible the setting in which their instruction will actually be put to use. Whereas cognition and the situation it was learned in had historically been considered separate entities, they are now thought to be indivisible from one anther....   [tags: education, learning]

Strong Essays
978 words (2.8 pages)

Situated Cognition Essay

- Situated Cognition Learning and Knowledge Relates to Situated Cognition "Learning and knowing are integrally and inherently situated in the everyday world of human activity" (Wilson, 1993, p.71). Learning is situated in the context in which it is taught. In other words, the context in which something is learned is very important. The activity in which the learner is engaged in at the time of learning is also important (Griffin and Griffin, 1996, p.293). If the goal of a learner is to solve day-to-day life experiences, they must engage in such opportunities....   [tags: Learning Cognition Essays]

Strong Essays
1084 words (3.1 pages)