One of the most controverted and debated themes of philosophy regards the argument of justice. What could define justice? And how can justice be administered into our societies? Two philosophers as Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau arrive at the same solution even if intended in a slightly different way: “The Social Contract”.
Thomas Hobbes starts his analysis by analyzing the nature of men. Hobbes sustains in his analysis that all men are born into a condition of substantial equality, the differences are so small that they could not be considered relevant into the achievement of their goals. This equality became for Hobbes the cause of differences between men, and brings them to try to overcome the others in orders to obtain something that both want. So, equality brings war. In a condition of everlasting war the society has not the possibility of improving, because there is no space for development in the sciences or culture. The only thing that remains is the continuous fear of death. For this reason Hobbes states that the nature of men in reality is not equality, but a dissociative nature that brings men to fear one another and brings to their destruction. So how can be justice applied into men without limiting their freedom? Hobbes before coming with the idea of the Social Contract that is the instrument of justice, make an analysis on the natural laws (lex naturalis). The first natural law state that every man can’t do anything destructive against him, however the right of nature states that every man has to do everything in his power to safeguard his freedom. This difference between right and law brings men into a condition of war. The fundamental law of nature states...
... middle of paper ...
...y examples in history stating that a state often will become a tyranny. So, this fact of ceasing everything you have doesn’t help to achieve justice, this is because when all the power is centered in a single entity it’s impossible to have a balance between different opinions. The perfect solution is to have different entities that exercise this power and balance each other. I think that we have to make some renounce, but we cannot renounce on everything because even the third-party power as Hobbes calls it or the Civil state as Rousseau calls it can become an entity that will use the power we gave him to make his own interests. So probably the best example of justice could be found in the modern idea of democracy, when the State is not a single entity but is formed by multiple entities every one of them representing a part of the general will of the Sate population.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- With the issue of income inequality becoming more salient in present day politics, it has been argued that the United States is doing little to ensure equality of opportunity. Many economists today point to low levels of intergenerational social and economic mobility as evidence of these trends. Philosopher John Rawls’ second principle of justice states that inequalities can exist in society as long as they improve the general wellbeing of the least well off members of society. However, current inequalities in income and opportunities in the United States have been said to violate Rawls second principle of justice, because of their inability to provide the least well off members of society w... [tags: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]
2144 words (6.1 pages)
- Justice in 1984 The concept of justice is an important subject in George Orwell’s 1984. Justice is defined according to Plato as “the interest of the stronger”. Justice plays a big role in 1984’s society. Justice is understood differently by the protagonists of the text than how it is represented by the societies in which they live. In the novel 1984 by Orwell, an extremely controlling totalitarian government called The Party, rules the society. They have introduced Telescreens which monitor your every movement, conversations and any other action.... [tags: Literary Analysis, Privacy]
1280 words (3.7 pages)
- The Australian Justice system is bound by certain rules and regulations which are integral to its role on society within Australia and its differences to the rest of the world, except for one other country whereby it follows suit. Though the laws of the Australian colonies fluctuated from the United Kingdom in countless respects from the commencements of settlement, the underlying configurations of thought mirror the common law institution as received from Britain. From those essential patterns we took from the United Kingdom we gained a legal system of which bases itself on the courtroom and the societies who run it.... [tags: Rules, Regulations, Society, Australia, UK]
1535 words (4.4 pages)
Through Adherence to the Rule of Law, Does the Prison Service Ensure that Justice is Administered Properly?
- Through adherence to the rule of law does the prison service ensure that justice is administered properly. This essay will evaluate how far the prison service adheres to the rule of law. The prison service is part of the criminal justice system, an official network of agencies whose main purpose is to reinforce law and order within society. The prison service is responsible for those individuals caught up in the process of justice. Through adherence to the rule of law the prison service always has to ensure that justice is seen to be done and is properly administered.... [tags: US criminal justice and penitenciary system]
2198 words (6.3 pages)
- Justice in Barbarian Societies Justice is the basis upon which the laws of a society are built. To examine a particular society in depth, it is imperative to appreciate their understanding of justice. There are certain limitations to understanding past societies. The best and most accurate way to surpass these limitations is by examining a society’s law. The law shows who and what were most important to these ancient people. Barbarian societies created a customary law, which ensured safety and governed the actions of the clan members.... [tags: Sociology, Law, Common law, Civilization]
1148 words (3.3 pages)
- In the selection “The Right of Punishing and of Pardoning: The Right of Punishing” from Immanuel Kant’s The Science of Right (1790), Kant explains his retributivist position on punishment, particularly why punishment is administered and to what degree. Contrary to the utilitarian view on punishment, which maintains that the role of punishment is to promote the “amount of happiness in the world,” this view holds that punishment is ultimately meant to uphold justice. Justice, Kant explains, is rooted in the “principle of equality.” On the basis of this principle, he raises a rather controversial claim: that “the right of retaliation (jus talionis)… can definitely assign both the qualit... [tags: Capital punishment, Murder, Retributive justice]
880 words (2.5 pages)
- ... So we went into the Home of the Street Sweepers” (Rand 26) In this quote Equality 7-2521 has his life career chosen for him. Unfairly, he will sweep the streets until he is forty and then he will be forced to live in the Home of the Useless. Equality was given the job of street sweeping because he was said to be bigger and more intelligent than his founding fathers. Now he has a useless life ahead of him all because he is not allowed to choose what he wanted to do with his life. When he invents the light bulb he is frowned upon because he is a street sweeper and is punished for his madness.... [tags: rights, restricted, freedom, societies]
516 words (1.5 pages)
- 1) There have been many totalitarian rulers over the years from Stalin all the way to Hitler. As you could rightfully assume we are a free democratic society, in which the people rule. Totalitarian society’s one person rules as a dictator. There have been many totalitarian rulers over the years such as Stalin who would “execute any people who were not in alignment with the goals of the state”. Policing is different in a free and democratic society as opposed to a totalitarian society due to the amount of power, different goals, and a difference in leaders.... [tags: Police, Constable, Criminal justice, Crime]
1907 words (5.4 pages)
- Should Justice be the Supreme Virtue of Societies. Social justice is distributive. It operates under the principle that each person must get his or her due. However, it is quite contentious as to precisely what each person's due is and thus opens the debate as to what justice is. Moreover, once a definition of justice is agreed upon (in a particular state), the question may be raised of how important it is. Is justice salient, or is there another concept that transcends its authority.... [tags: Papers]
1251 words (3.6 pages)
How An Individual's Socioeconomic Status Can Affect The Justice Administered To Them by the Judicial Branch
- How an individual’s power, money, and or socioeconomic status can affect the justice administered to them by the United States judicial branch. The Judicial Branch of the United States government is an extremely important factor in the success of today’s society, without it, society would have no standard of order and things would be completely and utterly chaotic. As a matter of fact no country would be complete without a Judicial Branch or some type of government in place because it is mandatory in the successful and smooth running of a civilized society.... [tags: Political Science]
1254 words (3.6 pages)
- Prescription Drugs And Its Effects On Children
- Birth Order And Its Effect On People 's Life And Future
- Concussions And Brain Trauma At A Young Age
- History Of Programming, Programming And Computational Thinking
- Creating A Long Way That Harvesting Wild Edibles Can Help The Environment Is Through Involvement
- The Problem Of Drug Addiction