According to “Nursing: A Concept-Based Approach to Learning. (2nd Ed.),” Concepts Advisory Panel (2015), bipolar disorders are a group of mood disorders that include manic, hypomanic, and depressive episodes (p.1809). In addition, according to “National Institute of Mental Health, define that bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out daily task. the authors explained bipolar disorder is a mental and emotional problems that affect individual mood and behaviors. Based on the clinical sign and symptoms there are different types bipolar disorder. Bipolar I disorder is one of the a common of bipolar disorder. In “Patterns of atypical antipsychotic therapy use in adults with bipolar I disorder in the USA,” Chen Wenjia, Deveaugh-Gesiss, planer Liisa, Princic Nicole & Ting Ya(2013) stated, “Bipolar I disorder is a common form of bipolar disorder, with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 1% among US adults aged 18 years and older. Bipolar I disorder is mainly defined by manic or mixed episodes” (p. 428).The authors are emphasizing that bipolar I disorder is most common types of mental disorder that affect less than one percent of total population around the world and it’s characterized by period of both mania and depression which is affects individual cognitive function that can control emotion, personality and judgment. In addition, According to Bipolar Disorder Healthcare Center, mention that a person affected by bipolar I disorder has had at least one manic episode in his or her life. A manic episode is a period of abnormally elevated mood and high energy, accompanied by abnormal behavior...
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...graines, sleep disruptions, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disuse, and asthma have all been reported in patient with BPD (p.11). In addition, several psychotic comorbidities condition related to bipolar disorder includes substance use, anxiety disorders, personality disorder, eating disorder and attention –deficit hyperactivity disorder and suicidal ideation (p.13). Nowadays, bipolar I disorder more frequently diagnosed with young children and early adolescent as well as early adulthood. In Concepts Advisory Panel (2015) stated typical bipolar disorder appears between age of 15 and 30 at equal rate both sex (p.1809).
The nurse should be established threptic relationship with bipolar I disorder patient to improve their quality of life and to meet therapeutic goals. One of the therapeutic relationships should be trust based therapy.
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