In chapter one, a complete empirical argument was outlined regarding how Asian-American communities viewed law enforcement, and the various types of barriers that has created challenges to recruit Asian-American applicants. Chapter two will provide justification and identify the most relevant and significant literature that is associated with the problems addressed in this thesis. The problems to be addressed in chapter two pertains to the following: (1) underrepresentation of Asian-American police officers; (2) recruiting Asian-Americans into law enforcement; and (3) methods to dispel cultural barriers to develop a diverse police force.
The literature review is organized by themes that will provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the complexity and challenges of recruiting Asian-Americans towards a career in law enforcement. As the population of Asians continue to grow in the United States, there has been a greater demand for law enforcement agencies to create police-community rapport with the Asian community (Shusta et al., 2011). With a larger population of Asian-Americans across the United States, more challenges are placed on police departments to recruit qualified Asian-American officers to mirror the Asian community. The following themes under Recruiting Strategies, has allowed law enforcement agencies to be more adapting, approachable, representable, and responsive to Asian-American citizens.
Historical background of the problem
There has been a significant yet historical reason, as to why Asian immigrants have very little trust in law enforcement. The lack of trust and confidence between Asian immigrants and law enforcement is one of several reasons why U.S police department struggle to r...
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...try struggles with recruiting Asian-American officers (Matthies et al., 2012). For instance, standardized height requirements have disqualified many prospective Asian-American candidates from applying for the San Francisco Police Department (Matthies et al., 2012). The San Francisco Police Department requires their officers to be at least 5 feet 8 inches tall, and that had a disproportional impact on Asian-Americans (Zhao et al., 2013).
Dempsey and Frost (2015) conducted a survey of Southern California’s police departments and found “extensive underrepresentation of Asian-Americans in the sworn personnel of many departments” (p. 160). Studies from Dempsey and Frost (2015) indicate, that Asian-Americans “constituted over 10 percent of the population in both Los Angeles County and Orange County; however, only 2.6 percent of the Los Angeles Sheriffs’ department and 2.1
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