The HoL constitutes the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature in UK, which can be seen as an essential part of the UK constitution as it completes both the judicial and legislative functions. Appellate Act enabled the creation of Law Lords as well as creating the judicial functions of the House of Lords in its modern form. While the function of a second chamber is recognised as beneficial as it ensures checks and balances on the Commons, the composition of its members reflects a society long past, a reminder of a time when equality was not a social aspiration.
Within centuries, the Lord’s competences regarding legislative power, as well as the number of hereditary members sitting in the House, have been considerably limited. The Parliament Act, for instance, allowed Money Bills passed by the Co...
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...position and method of selection of members is needed. Reform must not sacrifice the Lords’ ability to fulfil its vital role in Parliament in pursuit of total democratisation. Instead, it should seek to enhance the representative credentials of the Upper House through a more sensible and relevant system of appointing Lords.
As emphasised by Barber, an appointed chamber gives a chance to ensure that independent expertise is present in the system and also, that groups which may not be represented in the Commons are given a voice. Therefore, reform of the House of Lords would strengthen the legitimacy of the House and therefore improve its functions. Finally, by creating a worthy opposition to the HoC all issues would be debated and decided upon more fairly, and government would be more closely monitored, therefore upholding the democratic nature of our constitution.
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