Within the first few pages of the Iliad, we start out in a time of war, there is talk of the gods helping out in the battles for both the Trojans and the Greeks, and in this first instance, it is about Zeus’ son, Apollo helping the Trojans. When Chryses fails to ransom for his daughter to be released, he prays to Apollo saying “Hear me, Silverbow…and God of Plague! If ever I’ve…that pleased you…Grant me this prayer: Let the Danaans pay for my tears with your arrows!” (Il. 2.45-51). This was his way of saying that after everything he had done for Apollo, if any of those things had pleased him then help Chryses out this one time. Chryses has a problem and his instant reaction is to pray to the gods for help which means religion plays a role big enough to affect how he acts. Only a couple pages after the first appearance of a god, a second one joins in. During the meeting on how to deal with Apollo, a fight is about to break out over Achilles giving his reward to Agamemnon then Athena comes down from Mount Olympus on Heras orders to stop this fighting and break the tension because a meeting is no place for violence. after she talks, Achilles states “When you two speak, Goddess, a man has to listen no matter how angry. It’s better that way. Obey the gods and they hear you when you pray” (Il. 7.226-228). This line by Achilles shows how high of a regard the Greeks place the gods. Achilles who is a demi-god and the best fighter in all of Greece doesn’t even argue with Athena,...
... middle of paper ...
... days that “come from Zeus and his wisdom” (WD 849) which state what certain days’ mean and what should be done by people on those days. The ending of Works and Days also blatantly helps to prove my point by stating that you are doing well as long as you do your works and not offend the gods. One of the two things that means you are doing fine in life has to do with the gods so one can infer that Religion was a huge part that shaped their daily lives.
Whether it was during times of war or not, religion remained a big part Greek culture, whether it was the troops fighting during a war or living your daily life. The examples from the Iliad helped to prove the parts it played during times of conflict and war and how this was one aspect that wasn’t specifically for one gender or the other, while the Works and Days examples focused on the house life during times of peace.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Sometime around 750-600 B.C.E., the Greek poet Hesiod produced what is generally thought to be the oldest surviving Greek poetic works. During this time, Greece was near the middle of its Archaic period, a period of technological, social, political, and cultural innovations. This was the period in which the first true alphabet system arose, the system which allowed Hesiod and other poets like him to record permanently the oral stories and lyrics so important to Greek culture. This was also the time in which the Greek polis emerged – what is today translated as “city-state” – as a result of increases in population size.... [tags: greek poet, greece, perses, zeus]
1171 words (3.3 pages)
- In the book the Iliad, The Odyssey, and Works and days, there are many things that can be similar when talking about Greek heroes and the world of Greek poetry. The stories and topics are describing similar events during this time of the eighth and seventh century B.C. In the end, however, they do have some differences in some parts when describing or explaining certain situations and ideas. The world of Greek heroes is written like a story; or Epic Poetry. That is what The Iliad and The Odyssey are; Epic Poetries.... [tags: Homer, Achilles, Odyssey, Trojan War]
1039 words (3 pages)
- While reading the works of Hesiod, it is impossible not to notice the way that women are characterized and discussed. In his two major poems, the Theogony and Works and Days, he makes no attempt to make his contempt and abhorrence of the female sex a secret. In Works and Days, Hesiod includes the story of Pandora – a woman created by the Greek gods meant as a punishment for the human race – in his discourse to his brother, Perses. The Theogony – through an account of the creation of the universe and the origins of all the gods – presents depictions of women as monstrous and wicked.... [tags: Greek mythology, Ancient Greece, Zeus, Gaia]
1339 words (3.8 pages)
- Homer is a well-known and glorified enigma. Homer is the sum of two texts, the Iliad and the Odyssey. During antiquity, there were many texts attributed to Homer, or Homers, rather. These works of art were called Homeric hymn. We think of the Iliad and the Odyssey as being most strongly attested to Homer. The two were present at the very beginning of Greek literature. Who was Homer. Or moreover, who were Homer. This mystery surrounding authorship of the precursor hymns to Greek and Roman literature has been deemed the Homeric Question.... [tags: Homer, Trojan War, Odyssey, Iliad]
2512 words (7.2 pages)
- The times are in constant motion, and as a result the times always changing. Not only do life styles change over time, but peoples worldviews change from generation to generation. Looking back to the past, as scholars of history, we can see these worldview changes. The Iliad and the Inferno represent both radically different and strikingly similar concepts of the world with different aspects, such as society and religion, at their respective times. By investigating these works, one can begin to gain deeper knowledge of the history of mankind.... [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Homer]
1012 words (2.9 pages)
- Writers of history often have the habit of pulling out one’s rose-tinted glasses to fondly write of times long past. Homer was the Greek leading man of this. Homer most famous works are The Iliad and The Odyssey, both epics of famous mythological Greek heroes. Homer first wrote The Iliad some time in the eighth century BC about the Trojan War. The real Trojan War was in the thirteen century. The time gap between the actual event and books only proves the level of nostalgia Homer applies to his writings.... [tags: Trojan War, Achilles, Iliad, Apollo]
763 words (2.2 pages)
- The role of women in Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days is outstandingly subordinate. There are a number of times in Hesiod's text that despises women, being mortal, immortal, or flesh-eating monsters. The overall impression of women from Theogony and Works and Days, leads one to believe that Hesiod is a misogynist. The very creation of women was set as a punishment to man because Prometheus, son of Iapetos, tried to trick Zeus into eating bones and then, with the tube of a fennel, steals fire to give to mankind.... [tags: Poetry]
744 words (2.1 pages)
- Hesiod’s Theogony Hesiod writes his Theogony within the context of the nascent polis, which informs his conception of the Greek pantheon. The generations of gods that he portrays begin with the elements of nature and move steadily toward fully anthropomorphic figures, which represent elements corresponding to the experience of the city-state. In Hesiod’s time, the polis was led by a king, or kings, and the rule of Zeus that Hesiod portrays serves as an example of royal rule for them.... [tags: Hesiod’s Theogony]
515 words (1.5 pages)
- Hesiod’s Theogony has transcended generations, delivering to vast audiences the traditional stories of the Greek gods as well as ancient Greek conceptions of the world. One particularly well known aspect of the Theogony, the section that tells the tale of Prometheus, is unique in that it has little intrinsic worth; its value is in its ability to enhance other stories and conceptions. Across the globe, people know well the story of the one who deceived Zeus and stole fire for man, but few recognize its role in Hesiod’s work as a whole.... [tags: Hesiod Theogony Greek Greece Essays]
1326 words (3.8 pages)
- "The Iliad", an epic tale told by the famous Greek author Homer, is focused primarily on the Trojan War between the Greeks, or Argives, and the Trojans. This war was filled with bloody battles and a massive loss of life. Homer tells stories about a duration of time during this fighting, and not the entire war. He uses his story-telling abilities to focus the audience on the garish and sometimes mundane drudgery of war. Due to his removal from the actual time of these battles, his stories may be embellished or not completely accurate descriptions of what did or did not happen.... [tags: essays research papers]
1503 words (4.3 pages)