The Holistic Oral Language Score Rubric Is Composed Of Overall Ratings, Rather Than Individual Skills

The Holistic Oral Language Score Rubric Is Composed Of Overall Ratings, Rather Than Individual Skills

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The Holistic oral language scoring rubric is comprised of overall ratings, rather than individual skills. However, these rating are based how an English Language Learner combines and uses all of the skills at once. The first rating on the Holistic rubric is the lowest score which signifies that very little or no English is known. The second rating suggests that there is an understanding of words but only short patterns are used. The third rating is when an ELL student is able to respond and communicate in conversations but can also be hesitant while speaking. In fourth rating, a student is able to go into details during a conversation and begins to complex vocabulary. In the fifth rating, a student is not hesitating or experiencing interferences while communicating with an abundance of vocab words. In the sixth rating is the highest rating at which a student is speaking fluently as well as a native speaker would.
The Analytic oral rubric differs in a way that it is composed of five individual grading aspects which are scored from one being the lowest and four being the highest. Each of these aspects plays a major role in grading an ELL student’s oral language. The five grading components are comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, pronunciation and grammar.
To begin with, in order to develop an effective academic speech, comprehension is an imperative learning skill. One prime example of how crucial comprehension is by following a doctor’s direction concerning the steps needed for the consumption of a prescription. By not understanding the process of dosing the appropriate amount of medication at the correct time, dangerous outcomes can occur such as under dosing or even overdosing. By developing a strong comprehension of Englis...


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...that need help. On the other hand, an analytic rubric helps to separate the different characteristics of an assessment in individual parts. One disadvantage of an analytic rubric, however, is the fact that it takes a considerable amount of time to develop and students may not put in the effort to read all of the assessment charts.
So what are the advantages of an English Language Learner using an analytic or a holistic rubric? Since ELL students are still learning and developing the fundamentals of English speaking and writing, a holistic rubric would be more beneficial for these students since they assess the students work as whole rather than concentrating on all of the individual components like an analytic rubric would. However, by using an analytic rubric, a student can have a better understanding of the areas that need improvement such as grammar or fluency.


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