Hofstede 's Six Dimensions Of Cultural Differences Impact Work Relationships

Hofstede 's Six Dimensions Of Cultural Differences Impact Work Relationships

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Professor Geert Hofstede led an extensive comprehensive study of values in the workforce and how they are influenced by culture. His research spanned over 70 countries during 1937 and 1973, and many different types of workers in several levels of the workforce Hofstede, G. (2001). Based on his research, he developed a model of six dimensions of national culture. The six dimensions are labeled as: Power distance index, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, uncertainty avoidance index, long term orientation versus short term normative orientation and indulgence versus restraint. Below I will compare the dimensions of cultures scores for various countries. Finally, I will compare two countries using the Hofstede’s six dimensions of culture and discus how cultural differences impact work relationships.
Dimension of Culture Scores
Culture is “the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another” (Rodriguez, R. P. & Hechanova, R. M., 2014, as cited in Hofstede, 2001). Business is worldwide and each organization is shaped by culture and the people running the organization (Wharton, 1999). It’s very interesting to see the differences of cultural concepts of leadership skills in various countries, and how the six dimensions are perceived by each culture. I compared several countries side-by-side and found that each country was moderately similar in several categories except for the “Indulgence” category. According to Hofstede’s definition of Indulgence versus restraint, he narrows it down to a society that will allow relatively natural enjoyment of basic life. Restraints are for an environment that subdues the gratification needs and ...


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...ry easily (Hofstede, G. 2001).
Indulgence. Hofstede defines this dimension as “the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses” (Hofstede, G. 2001). Weak control over impulses is characterized as indulgence, while strong control shows restraint. The United States scored a high 68. Italy scored a low 30 which indicates this society exercises restraint. Hofstede suggests this society does not put leisure’s high on a list of importance. They feel it may be wrong by social norms to indulge (Hofstede, G. 2001).
Conclusion
Cultural differences is a very important element to consider while achieving to be an effective leader. Hofstede’s Six Dimensions of Culture outlines the important factors for working within different cultures and how a leader can identify and change their leadership style to be perceived correctly within that culture.

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