Differences in management and business practices become more obvious as globalization increases (Carpenter, Taylor, & Erdogan, 2009). These differences can be revealed by using Geert Hoftstede’s six cultural dimensions. This essay will explain Hofstede’s cultural framework and how it reveals some differences in managerial styles and business practices between South Korea and the United Kingdom.
As globalization increases, an awareness of the differences in managerial styles between countries also increases (Carpenter, Taylor, & Erdogan, 2009). Melony Gallant (2013) wrote that “it’s always interesting to see how cultures compare and certainly a good first step towards becoming a well-rounded Manager of the World” (para. 3). One way to “see” the differences in management approaches is by using Hofstede’s cultural framework. Hofstede’s framework views the culture of countries based on six dimensions: power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, and indulgence. In Hofstede’s (n. d.) own words, culture is “the collective programming of the mind distinguishing the members of one group or category of people from another” (para. 1). Also, power distance refers to a country’s attitude about the equality of all individuals in its society, individualism refers to a country’s viewpoint about the importance of belonging or not belonging to a community, masculinity refers to the competitive or supportive nature of society, uncertainty avoidance refers to how much society needs to know and control the unknown, long-term orientation refers to a country’s belief in sticking with tradition or al...
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...lism, innovation, and long-run growth. PNAS, (Vol): 104, suppl. 4. Retrieved from http://www.pnas.org/content/108/Supplement_4/21316.full.pdf
Hofstede, G. (n. d.). Culture. Retrieved from http://geerthofstede.nl/culture
Kristof, N. D. (1985, April 11). Management, Korean Style. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/1985/04/11/business/management-korean-style.html
Straker, H. (2005, December). From Eve to Izanami – How learning the Truth and the Way can help Westerners understand Japanese culture, as well as their own. Retrieved from http://hel.org.uk/studies/international%20management/comparativemanagement/cultureessay.doc
The Hofstede Center. (n. d.). What about South Korea? Retrieved from https://geert-hofstede.com/south-korea.html
The Hofstede Center. (n. d.). What about the UK? Retrieved from https://geert-hofstede.com/united-kingdom.html
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