Hobbes ‘mechanistic theory of human nature implies that humans are self-interested, that men seek what they perceive to be their best interests. Mechanistically, humans respond to being attracted to desires and resist by things they find uncomfortable. Humans are motivated by the aspiration to better our own positions and fulfill as many of our own desires. We are continually and genuinely concerned with our o...
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...bsolute authority in order to escape the State of Nature. For John Locke, however, the State of Nature took on a different form. While Locke uses Hobbes’ methodological device of the State of Nature, Locke sees it at a different end. Locke’s arguments of a social contract gave citizens the ability to revolt against a sovereign were influential on democratic revolutions.
For Locke, the State of Nature is a perfect state of liberty to live life as one sees fit, free from the disruption of others. It is not a state of license that to where a person can do anything they pleases or to be in their best interest. Locke believes the State of Nature is not a state without morality as Hobbes’ would argue. Locke views the Law of Nature as the basis of morality given by God to us, where he mandates the we should not harm one another in their life, health liberty or possessions.
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- Theories of human nature, as the term would ever so subtly suggest, are at best only individual assertions of the fundamental and intrinsic compositions of mankind, and should be taken as such. Indeed it can be said that these assertions are both many and widespread, and yet too it can be said that there are a select few assertions of the nature of man that rise above others when measured by historical persistence, renown, and overall applicability. These eclectic discourses on the true nature of man have often figured largely in theories of political science, typically functioning as foundational structures to broader claims and arguments.... [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, Government]
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