Hobbes and Rousseau were different in many ways. The two men had polar opposite thoughts on the world, and their theories are both sensible. Hobbes lived in fear of the parliament, because he strongly believed in a monarchy government. Rousseau believed in a self-government, or a democracy. He believes that a man is born free and society and the government ties the free man down. Hobbes believes that “humans are selfish egoist, life is tragic, and morality and strong government are necessary to constraint humans and provide a deterrent against mischief” (Pojman, 110). Rousseau is quite the opposite he believed babies are born with a “mental blank slate” (Pojman, 117) and that society corrupts people. Rousseau’s theory was that society was the problem and that it would be better if people lived closer to nature.
Hobbes theory was everyone was egotistical and that no one really cared about the well-being of others. Hobbes thought people as savages, who cared only for themselves. “Hobbes was a psychological egoist, who held that it was in our nature to be selfish. A friend saw him giving alms to a beggar and asked whether this really and act out of selfishness. Hobbes replied that the beggar’s distress caused him such distress that by relieving it, he relieved his own” (Pojman, 106). Hobbes thought that every act someone committed was out of pure selfishness. He believed that each human could easily kill another, and this is what made humans equal in his eyes. Hobbes did not think people should govern themselves, because of his theory on people’s selfishness and ability to kill one another to get what they want. This is why he wanted the monarchy to stay intact, in the revolution. Hobbes view on “The state of nature” is based on hum...
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...o whatever it takes to survive.
In conclusion, I chose Hobbes because he was the more realistic choice. He said that life was brutal and short, which is true in a certain sense. I do think that life is brutal, it is one low blow right after another. But, life is what you make it. He made valid points about why people need to be governed, and why people are animals. Rousseau had nice thoughts, about humans being good, and loving creatures. But, he also wanted to self-govern. I do not think people would be kindhearted if they were self-governed because of the chaos to survive. Rousseau thought that people would naturally coexist, without any problems. While, Hobbes stance was the most realistic, because he brought into factor humans natural instinct to survive. Even though, Hobbes had a dark, and depressing outlook on life, his theories were the most realistic to me.
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