The South African youth is the most affected demographic in sexually transmitted diseases due to the high number of cases it presents. According to the UNAIDS, it is this age group of the population that has shown the highest HIV prevalence over time. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like Herpes and HPV within the South African youth are also associated to the transmission of HIV because both of them increase the risk of infection. Furthermore, this interrelation between HIV and other STDs helps explain the HIV epidemic in South Africa.
To better understand the situation of HIV/AIDS, Herpes and HPV prevalence over the last decade in the South African youth, we’ll first explain what these diseases are, how they are transmitted, what their symptoms are and what their current treatments are. Secondly, we’ll do an analysis into the statistics of these STDs. Concluding if there is an increment or decrease in cases, what is the trend and if the South African youth is becoming aware of these STDs.
A. What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus debilitates the immune system by destroying the T-cells, which are the cells that fight disease and infection in the organism. HIV first infects these cells and multiplies using them, later destroying them. (Whiteside 2008)
AIDS or the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is the last phase of the HIV infection. In this phase, an infected person’s immune system is severely damaged and has difficulties fighting diseases. People at this stage are prone to one or more opportunistic infections and certain cancers. Opportunistic infections develop when the immune system is weakened causing terrible illnesses. (AIDS.gov; CDC)
B. How is H...
... middle of paper ...
...ary 18, 2011.
Chen et al. 2000. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Genital Ulcer Disease in South Africa: The Herpetic Connection. 27(1): 21–29.
Pettifor et al. 2007. Highly efficient HIV transmission to young women in South Africa. AIDS. 21(7): 861-865.
UNAIDS. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Available at: http://www.unaids.org. Accessed February 12, 2011.
UNICEF. 2009. The State of the World’s Children. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Wasserheit, J. 1992. Epidemiological Synergy: Interrelationships between Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and other Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 19(2): 61-77.
Whiteside, A. 2008. HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford; New York: Oxford
WHO. World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/. Accessed February 2, 2011.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Question 1 HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) epidemic in Uganda Uganda, an East African country south of the Sahara has been battling with the HIV pandemic as far back as the 1990s when 18.5% of Ugandans were infected at its peak (Foundation, 2012). Currently, out of a population of 33.6 million people, 1.5 million are living with AIDs, at a prevalence rate of 7.2% among those aged between 15-49 years. Of the ones infected, 190,000 are children (UNAIDS, 2012). In the mid nineties and until recently, the prevalence of HIV started to gradually drop reaching 6.4% owing to the government policies of the ‘ABC’s i.e.... [tags: treatment, sex, infections]
1995 words (5.7 pages)
- DEFINITION The definition of chronic diarrhoea varies in the different references. The generally accepted definition is the frequent passage of stools (> 3 times per day) that are loose in consistency for a minimum duration of 4 weeks or more. The minimum duration of 4 weeks is set in order to exclude common infective causes of diarrhoea. The commonly accepted reference value for diarrhoea for the amount of stools passed per day is more than 200 g. it is important to note that it is just a rough guide as pathology in the distal colon may not increase the stool weight above 200 g / day.... [tags: Differential Diagnosis]
1725 words (4.9 pages)
- A country once in denial now has it’s South African political leaders addressing the disease that is slowing killing their population The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which evolves into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is affecting South Africa socially as well as economically. This disease is also leaving over a million and a half children orphaned. Most of these children are not only orphaned but living with the virus as well. Brief History of HIV/AIDS and Government Involvement in South Africa The Centers for disease control (CDC) has declared AIDS a global pandemic.... [tags: HIV in Africa]
1760 words (5 pages)
- What are the factors that are affecting South Africa’s efforts in combating HIV/AIDS. Origin 1. Absence in Antiretroviral Drugs As HIV/AIDS started peeking in South Africa, president Mbeki denies and refuses to believe the universal acceptance and scientific outlook, disputing that HIV was not the foundation of AIDS and rejected the ARV or the antiretroviral drugs claiming they were not beneficial for aids patients and refused to consent on receiving freely provided nevirapine and funding from the international development agencies.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, South Africa, Antiretroviral drug]
1688 words (4.8 pages)
- In South Dakota HIV/AIDS is not a common issue in the media. However, in sub-saharan Africa the virus is an enormous issue that public health has been trying to tackle for years. There are many questions that arise when someone thinks about how the virus has infected so many adults in sub-saharan Africa, such as, why has public health not been able to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS in Sub-saharan Africa. Why is there still no cure for HIV/AIDS. What are the risks with such a high population infected.... [tags: AIDS, Africa, HIV, Antiretroviral drug]
1198 words (3.4 pages)
- African Americans with HIV Black lives matter as there are specific problems that is happening in the African American communities far more rapidly than expected or anticipated. The brunt of the impact of HIV has taken over the African American population due to complex set of social, individual and environmental factors. The virus HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and the clinical syndrome called AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) have remain a social phenomenon over many decades (Rowan, 2013).... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Sexual intercourse, African American]
1421 words (4.1 pages)
- The current rate of HIV/AIDS in Botswana clearly shows that the current government has failed to implement successful solutions in regards to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These failures have led to the death of 3,200 people, in 2015. (AVERT 2016). Government HIV/AIDS policy in Botswana started out great. When the first cases of HIV/AIDS started to rise in 1987, the country took great measures to enact policy that would eradicate the problem. Botswana put in place a one-year national emergency plan that was first enacted in 1987.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, South Africa, Africa]
1734 words (5 pages)
- Policy Brief: HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 – 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place.... [tags: HIV in Africa]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- South Africa's labour legislation framework promulgated during the past 2 decades & is regarded as some of the most comprehensive in the world. Currently, it has done much to redress the imbalances of the past. With 4 significant Acts promulgated to manage & regulate labor relations in our country, there are still areas lagging behind that have a profound influence on the country's economic performance. After our 1st democratic elections of 1994, there was a clear need for radical change in South Africa's socioeconomic & political order.... [tags: south africa, mbaki, aids, hiv]
1353 words (3.9 pages)
- South African Affairs In today's world, everything moves at an extreme pace. Countries are trying to become global powers in the business world. Globalization is the topic of international affairs, and it is either having a positive or negative effect on developing nations. Globalization can be defined as, "the integration of economic, cultural, political, religious, and social systems through international and localization. (Dictionary)" A country that is being effect by these trends is South Africa.... [tags: South Africa]
1103 words (3.2 pages)