In 2014, approximately 36.9 million individuals were living with HIV, a international HIV occurrence of 0.8%. The bulk of this number reside in low and middle revenue countries. In the same year, 1.2 million individuals died of AIDS-associated infections. Of the 36.9 million people living with HIV, 25.8 million live in sub-Saharan Africa, accounting for 70% of the global total ("HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan," 2015). Dissimilarities between the epidemiology of cases of AIDS in Africa and those in Western cultures has provoked speculation about health factors that may be specific to Africa. Because of the age and sex dispersal of AIDS cases in Africa, emphasis has been placed on heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among adults (Hrdy, 1987).
Significant Cultural Influences
The continent of African resists stereotypes. Numerous groups have implemented the declaration, "Africa is not a country", which is based on the fact that Africa is an enormous continent made up of 56 countries ("African Studies Research Guide," 2016).
In a universal manner, Africa is not categorized as a healthy continent. In fact, Africa falls behind the majority of the world in all health procedures, including South-East and South Asia, which were worse off than Africa a few decades ago. A large contributor to the poor health status of Africa is a result of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) endemic, which has affected Africa more than any area on Earth. Additionally, healthcare funding in Africa has been defined as insufficient to resolve health trepidations, and is repeatedly con...
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...n on domestic finances. Although external resources contribute to part of HIV expenditure in sub-Saharan Africa, part of the general healthcare expenditure is sourced from other domestic governments. Secondly, social and cultural barriers present issues such as stigmas and judgement. Moreover, women and girls have particular difficulty accessing education, employment, and healthcare due to the dominant status of men in African culture. Enforcing gender equality for Eastern and Southern Africa will encourage understanding and equal treatment for all patients (HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan, 2015). As the HIV epidemic progresses in the heterosexual adults, sub-Saharan Africa will need to evaluate the allocation of restricted treatment options. Overall, encouraging more high-risk individuals to be tested and accept treatment will reduce the burden of HIV across the region.
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