Furthermore, discrimination in employment, health care, insurance, education, housing, etc have been widely reported (Vanable, 2006). These things can have detrimental effects on an individuals health by further limiting access to necessary care and limiting the individuals ability to maintain a healthy lifestyle by negatively affecting their social determinants of health. The social determinants of health as defined by Mikkonen & Begin (2011) are “the primary factors that shape health…they are not medical treatments or lifestyle choices but rather the living conditions experienced” (para. 1). Campbell (2000), elaborates on this by pointing out access to care relies heavily on financial means but also logistical access which can include access to transportation as well as culturally relevant services like translators for health care professionals.
Additionally, social support and care is also compromised due to HIV/AIDS stigma. Herek (...
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...s been found to result in the denial of services and discrimination. How other people interpret and understand the label of HIV/AIDS has a negative effect on their subsequent behaviour and treatment towards people with an HIV/AIDS diagnosis. This makes accessing care, forming relationships, maintaining relationships, and overall attaining a higher quality of life much more difficult.
This research is imperative to understanding how social mechanisms play a role in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS as well as why some individuals with HIV may be developing AIDS despite having access to treatment. It additionally presents issues of declining quality of life and subsequent deterioration of health among HIV/AIDS positive individuals. Overall, the research reinforces the need for more education on HIV/AIDS. Especially in regards to testing, treatment options, and transmission.
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