Scientists discovered that the original source of HIV was from a type of chimpanzee located in West Africa. They believe that when humans hunted their meat, they came into contact with the chimpanzee’s blood. This blood was infected with their own version of the virus and it was inevitably transmitted to humans, where it was believed to have mutated into the form of HIV we know today. This virus slowly spread across Africa and then into other parts of the world over decades. (CDC, 2015)
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that affects specific cells of the human immune system, called CD4 cells, or more commonly known as T-cells. The primary responsibility of these cells are to fight off infections and disease in the body. However, unlike some more common viruses such as influenza, the human body is incapable of eliminating the HIV infection. So in other words, once you acquire HIV, you will have it for your entire lifetime.
When HIV attacks the CD4 cells, it clones itself multiple times, and then ultimately destroys the cells altogether. Over time, the virus will eliminate and destroy so many of these important immunity cells that the human body will be unable to fight off infections and disease on...
... middle of paper ...
...people living with it worldwide. (WHO, 2015) Approximately 19 million of those 35 million don’t even know that they are HIV positive. (UNAIDS, 2014) As of today, the World Health Organization estimates that a total of 39 million people have died since it was discovered in 1981. (WHO, 2015) Although the statistics for the new infection rates show no big spike, it shows no great decline either. In fact, at this rate, the growth rate of the overall number of infected individuals is slowly increasing. The annual increase of 50,000 new HIV infections is no small number. Contracting HIV/AIDS is alarming itself, but it is even more alarming because there is still no cure for it. However, with the proper knowledge, interventions, and help, this can be treated and controlled to significantly increase not only the health, but the life expectancy of those living with HIV/AIDS.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction In recent years there has been a gradual climb in the number of heterosexual African Americans being diagnosed with HIV in the rural southern United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicated that the Southern U.S. had the highest HIV diagnosis rate of any U.S. region in 2013. According to Hader, “heterosexual HIV transmission has escalated in the southern United States with marked racial disparities and high rates among African Americans, especially black women.” (2) There are few studies among Blacks in the South concerning the vital part they play as being a core subpopulation contributing to the high rates of sexually transmitted diseases and infe... [tags: Sexually transmitted disease]
1429 words (4.1 pages)
- The HIV/AIDS in the United States In 2015, specifically in LA downtown, I met Sara, who is an African American girl who was suffering from HIV virus. She told me her sadly story when she was having sexual things with random people just because of having money. She didn’t have any knowledge about this virus. So, because of that, she got the HIV virus, and she thanked god that she treated so long to be clean. So, some people in this world don’t know what the AIDS means. So, the AIDS is a dangerous virus that attack cells human’s immune system, and if the people who didn’t treat themselves in the hospital, they probably are going to die.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Sexual intercourse, Immune system]
1328 words (3.8 pages)
- HIV Transmission From Mother to Child HIV can be transmitted from mother to child perinatally. Transmission can happen early in pregnancy from mother to fetus or later during labor and deliver. A couple of risk factors that increase the likelihood of the infant getting infected include premature birth, low birth weight, skin and mucous membrane lesions, and breastfeeding (Burr). Breastfeeding can increase the risk of transmission by 5-20% (Burr). In 2010, about 217 children younger than 13 years old were diagnosed with HIV and of those children, 162 were perinatally infected (HIV Among Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children).... [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Obstetrics, Infant]
1040 words (3 pages)
- In 1991, the world learned that one of the most iconic players in the history of basketball had tested positive for HIV (Johnson). Earvin “Magic” Johnson stood with his wife by his side and announced to the world that he had contracted this disease as a result of having unprotected sex. Johnson stated that he contracted disease from having unprotected sex and because of this, he now has to live with a disease that has changed his entire life (Johnson). During this time, many people were uneducated about the disease and some were afraid to be in contact with anyone carrying the virus.... [tags: Unprotected Sex, Sharing Needles]
965 words (2.8 pages)
- AIDS is a disease that has effected and is still affecting the country in many detrimental ways. When first discovered in the country of Africa, the seriousness was unheard of. As the AIDS virus reached the United States, the devastating effects became more obvious. This was the point when the United States government felt that something should be done about the HIV/AIDS virus. According to the Office of AIDS research, AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is a serious illness that originates as HIV.... [tags: HIV/AIDS Essays]
1043 words (3 pages)
- Course Paper Epidemiology and Infection Control in HIV/AIDS and Emerging Diseases in Russia HIV - NH-817-DL-14FA Evgeniya Larionova MGH Institute Of Health Professions 1. Brief History of Russia In the 9th century different Slavic tribes inhabited Russia. The Vikings assimilated into Russian society making Slavic tribes to adopt their language and customs. The Russians became very powerful nations. When Russia was ruled by Ivan III (1462-1505) he conquered many affluent cities and considerably expanded its territory.... [tags: Russia, United States, HIV, Vladimir Putin]
1441 words (4.1 pages)
- Sociology is the study of human society and how things react with each other. Throughout history, many events have transformed the way we go about our daily lives interacting with one another. From 1960 to present day, there have been thousands of events that change the way we react with the people surrounding us, such as: the Recession, Civil Rights, advancements in technology, AIDS, and Women’s Rights. Civil Rights In 1960, Civil Rights was one of the biggest things to happen during this time period and has affected us since.... [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, United States, AIDS, HIV]
1789 words (5.1 pages)
- In 1981, the first case of HIV/AIDS was introduced in America. At that time, no one knew what was causing the disease. Today’s medical field now knows a lot more in regards to the effects and transmission of HIV/AIDS. More than 33.4 million people worldwide are infected with the HIV virus today. While there is not such a rapid growth as when the virus began, the numbers of affected people are still growing. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency virus. HIV is a virus similar to that of the flu or common cold.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Blood]
837 words (2.4 pages)
- HIV and AIDS The AIDS and HIV virus is a very dangerous disease that sees no race, no color, no gender, no economic background and not even a specific age group. It can affect anyone, at any time if they put themselves in a situation where they could be at risk. AIDS stands for what is called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The virus causes the body's immune system to break down and become useless in fighting illness and bacteria. Even a common cold could lead to the death of a person affected with the AIDS virus.... [tags: HIV and AIDS]
692 words (2 pages)
- HIV Like the majority of the American population I have lived in a cloud of ignorance about the HIV and AIDS crisis. I have never know anyone close to me that has been infected with either of the two viruses. So when the option to research something to do with sexuality arouse I felt this would definitely further my education about a lethal killer that is roaming this earth. Since I knew next to nothing about this topic I will start from the begging of the disease and discuss where it's at now.... [tags: HIV and AIDS]
1857 words (5.3 pages)
- Childhood Is A Time When Significant Events Can And Will Leave Impressions On Oneself
- God 's Calling On Our Lives
- Analysis Of Abu Dhabi, The Shy, Quiet Little Sister Of Bustling Dubai
- Restorative Justice Policy Toward Punishing Offenders
- My Beliefs About Health And Wellness
- I Am An Effective Teacher