Essay about Hiv And Aids : An Epidemic Of Great Proportion

Essay about Hiv And Aids : An Epidemic Of Great Proportion

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It is a disease often defined by sexuality, race, ethnicity, and social background. In the last sixty years, HIV and AIDS have grown to be an epidemic of great proportion that has been proven to defy all of these limitations. Globally the face of human immunodeficiency virus, better known as HIV, has been cast upon impoverish undernourished men and women in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to the World Health Organization or WHO, HIV and AIDS affects 119 countries globally. Currently, there are 36.9 million people worldwide are living with HIV or AIDS. Out of those 36.9 million people, 2.6 million are children most likely given the virus from their mothers through childbirth or breastfeeding (World Health Organization). Such overwhelming statistic demonstrates the diversity and tragedy associated with HIV and AIDS but not the inequality of treatment options and education. The infection rate for a disease like AIDS is incredibly high due to lack of education and treatment in low-income communities and countries. The containment and treatment of HIV and AIDS have evolved dramatically since the 1960s. However, the evolution of treatment greatly differs in developed countries like the United States compared to underdeveloped or developing countries in regions of sub-Saharan Africa.
History of the Virus
Origin. HIV and AIDS followed a similar path as most viruses to make its way to the virus known today. Like the plague or the flu, strands of HIV were found in animals before the virus were detected in humans. Before the HIV virus was spread by humans it was found in primates. Chimpanzees in West Africa were the first holders of a variation of HIV called Simian Immunodeficiency Virus or SIV. Scientist believe that the HIV-1 virus was...


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...V still exist. In developed countries like the U.S., the stigma of being positive has evolved from a death sentence or something shameful. Instead, positive status is used as a teaching tool to prevent younger generations from making contracting the disease through education. However, this is not the case in impoverish countries in Africa and Asia. Developing countries still face the same stigma presented with HIV/AIDS that gay men experienced in the early eighties. In poor countries with rural villages, low health care and high risk of infection, HIV/AIDS still presents fear of death and the stigma of being infected. An estimated 1.0 – 1.3 million people died in the African Region from HIV-related causes in 2013(World Health Organization).Especially in countries like Swaziland, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Lesotho that face the worst of the HIV epidemic (aids-children).

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